France: New Technical Requirements for Personal Transporters
1348 days ago
The French Ministry of Transport has published new requirements for personal transporters (EDPM). These requirements hold changes for brakes, audible warning devices, lighting/reflector and requirements for dimensions. The requirements enter into force on 1 July 2020. Below, we summarise the regulatory changes:
All personal transporters need to be equipped with a braking system as defined below
Single-track self-balancing vehicles must have 1 brake.
Single-track vehicles, which are not self-balancing must have at least 1 brake or any other system to reduce the speed of the motor.
Multi-track vehicles that are neither self-balancing nor skateboards must be equipped with a parking brake system.
Multi-track vehicles that are not self-balancing must also be fitted with the following:
if two rear wheels, a brake on each wheel or an independent front brake and linked brakes on the rear wheels. The brakes must be applied by one single control
if one rear wheel, a braking system integrating all wheels or independent brakes for front and rear wheels
Multi track self-balancing vehicles must have a controlled acceleration braking system, which slows down the vehicle by means of a combination of acceleration and deceleration of the wheels. This system must comply with category 1 or 2, as specified in point 9.2.2 of ISO 60204-1
Multi-track personal transporters that are not self-balancing vehicles must also be fitted with one of the following devices:
If it has two rear wheels, the personal transporter must be equipped with a braking device on both of the rear wheels or an independent front brake and linked brakes on the rear wheels. The brake must be applied by means of a single control.
If it has one rear wheel, the personal transporter must be equipped with a braking system integrating all of the wheels or with independent brakes for the front and rear wheels.
Single track self-balancing vehicles need to be equipped with a brake.
Drivers need to be able to control the braking system by hand or foot whilst in a normal driving position.
If the vehicle has no handlebar, the braking device must be actuated in accordance with the instructions included by the manufacturer in the manual.