LEV research

LEV Research

2024
  • Bissel, M. and Becker, S. (2024). Can cargo bikes compete with cars? Cargo bike sharing users rate cargo bikes superior on most motives – Especially if they reduced car ownership. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2023.12.018.
2023
2022
2021
Earlier
  • Arnold, F., Cardenas, I., Sörensen, K., and Dewulf, W. (2018, revised). Simulation of B2C e-commerce distribution in Antwerp using cargo bikes and delivery points. European Transport Research Review. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0272-6.
  • Assmann, T., and Behrendt, F. (2017). Determining optimal container heights for cargobike crossdocking schemes in urban areas. Conference: 10th International Doctoral Students Workshop on Logistics, At Magdeburg, Germany.
  • Hofmann, W., Assmann, T., Neghabadi, P. D., Cung, V.D., and Tolujevs, J.  (2017). A Simulation Tool to Assess the Integration of Cargo Bikes into an Urban Distribution System. Conference: The 5th International Workshop on Simulation for Energy, Sustainable Development & Environment, At Barcelona, Spain. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01875988.
  • Landesinstitut Für Arbeitsgestaltung. Good vibrations? Unterschätztes Risiko von Vibrationen bei Lastenpedelecs. Retrieved from https://www.lia.nrw.de/service/publikationen-downloads/LIA_fakten/index.html.
  • Melo, S., and Baptista, P. (2017). Evaluating the impacts of using cargo cycles on urban logistics:integrating traffic, environmental and operational boundaries. European Transport Research Reviewhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0246-8.

2024
  • Mina, G., Bonadonna, A., Peira, G. and Beltramo, R. (2024). How to improve the attractiveness of e-bikes for consumers: Insights from a systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2024.140957.
  • Møller, M., Useche, S.A., Siebert, F.W., and Janstrup, K.H. (2024). What differentiates e-bike riders from conventional cyclists in Denmark? A user-based study. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101748.
  • Philips, I., Brown, L. and Cass, N. (2024). E-bike use and ownership in the Lake District National-Park UK. Journal of Transport Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2024.103813.
  • Veisten, K., Fyhri, A., Halse, A.H., and Sundfør, H.B. (2024). Cost-benefit assessments of an e-bike subvention programme in Oslo, Norway. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2024.103974.
  • Sundfør, H.B., Berntsen, S., Bere, E. and Fyhri, A. (2024). The effects of subsidising e-bikes on mode share and physical activity – A natural experiment. Journal of Transport and Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101752.
2023
2022
  • Bourne, J.E., Kelly, P., and Mutrie, N. (2022). The rise of the electrically assisted bicycle and the individual, social and environmental impacts of use. Advances in Transport Policy and Planning. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.atpp.2022.04.003.
  • Brost, M., Ehrenberger, E., Dasgupta, I., Hahn, R., and Gebhardt, L. (2022). The Potential of Light Electric Vehicles for Climate Protection Through Substitution for Passenger Car Trips – Germany as a case study. German Aerospace Center (DLR) Prepared for LEVA-EU. https://www.dropbox.com/s/r0sbnfd88e49ip3/2022-03-15_LEV4Climate_DLR_report.pdf?dl=0.
  • Chai, H., Zhang, Z., Xue, J., and Hu, H. (2022). A quantitative traffic performance comparison study of bicycles and E-bikes at the non-signalized intersections: Evidence from survey data. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2022.106853.
  • Haufe, S., Boeck, H., Hackl, S., et al (2022). Impact of electrically assisted bicycles on physical activity and traffic accident risk: a prospective observational study. BMJ Journals. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2021-001275
  • Huang, Y., Jiang, L., Chen, H., Dave, K., and Parry, T. (2022). Comparative life cycle assessment of electric bikes for commuting in the UK. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103213.
  • Jenkins, M., Lustosa, L., Chia, V. et al. (2022). What do we know about pedal assist E-bikes? A scoping review to inform future directions. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.09.005.
  • Kumar, R., Pachauri, R. K., Badoni, P., et al. (2022). Investigation on parallel hybrid electric bicycle along with issuer management system for mountainous region. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.132430.
  • Li, L., Liu, B., Zheng, W., Wu, X., Song, L., and Dong, W. (2022). Investigation and numerical reconstruction of a full-scale electric bicycle fire experiment in high-rise residential building. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2022.102304.
  • Mehra, A., Singh, R., Chauhan, A.S. et al. (2022). Design and analysis of an electric bike chassis. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.02.247.
  • Morgan Hughey, S., Sella, J., Adams, J.D., et al. (2022). It’s electric! Measuring energy expenditure and perceptual differences between bicycles and electric-assist bicycles. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2022.101523.
  • Murugan, M. and Marisamynathan, S. (2022). Estimation of two-wheeler users’ mode shift behavior and policy analysis to encourage electric-bike adoption in India. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2022.06.006.
  • Philips, I., Anable, J. and Chatterton, T. (2022). E-bikes and their capacity to reduce car CO2 emissions. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.11.019.
  • Sahwal, C.P., Dinh, T.Q., and Sengupta, S. (2022). Controller development of thermal management system for electric bikes. Energy Reports. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.10.135.
  • Septiadi, W.N., Alim, M., and Adi, M.N.P. (2022). The application of battery thermal management system based on heat pipes and phase change materials in the electric bike. Journal of Energy Storage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2022.106014.
  • Shuai, C., Yang, F., Wang, W., Shan, J., Zheng, C., and Xin, O. (2022). Promoting Charging Safety of Electric Bicycles via Machine Learning. iScience. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2022.105786.
  • Sweeney, S., Lhachemi, H., Mannion, A., Russo, G., and Shorten, R. (2022). Pitchfork-bifurcation-based competitive and collaborative control of an E-bike system. Automatica. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.automatica.2022.110595.
  • Xu, C., Wang, L., Easa, S.M., and Yang, Y. (2022). Analysis of students’ anger during riding electric bicycles on campus. Heliyon. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e09561.
  • Zhang, F., Ji, Y., Lv, H., et al. (2022). Self-reported anger among ordinary and delivery electric bike riders in China: A comparison based on the cycling anger scale. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2022.06.002.
  • Zhou, X., Ji, Y., and Yuan, Y. et al. (2022). Spatiotemporal characteristics analysis of commuting by shared electric bike: A case study of Ningbo, China. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.132337.
  • Zhu, Z., and Lu, C. (2022). Life cycle assessment of shared electric bicycle on greenhouse gas emissions in China. Science of The Total Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160546
2021
  • Alessio, H. M., Reiman, T., Kemper, B., Von Carlowitz, W., Bailer, A. J., and Timmerman, K. (2021). Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses to a Simulated Commute on an E-Bike. Translational Journal of the ACSM. https://doi.org/10.1249/TJX.0000000000000155.
  • Anderson, A., Adell, E., and Hiselius, L. W. (2021). What is the substitution effect of e-bikes? A randomised controlled trial. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102648.
  • Deakin, N. L. (2021). Recognising the physical and social characteristics of urban cycling environments (PHD). Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam. https://hdl.handle.net/11245.1/0b2cb8ed-3d15-4b65-9c1f-2bbd61ba8be1.
  • Hallberg, M., Rasmussen, T. K., and Rich, J. (2021). Modelling the impact of cycle superhighways and electric bicycles. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2021.04.015.
  • Mitterwallner, V., Steinbauer, P. M., Besold, A., et al. (2021). Electrically assisted mountain biking: Riding faster, higher, farther in natural mountain systems. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2021.100448.
  • Rérat, P. (2021). The rise of the e-bike: Towards an extension of the practice of cycling? Mobilities. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2021.1897236.
  • Stilo, L., Segura-Velandia, D., Lugo, H., Conway, P. P., and West, A. A. (2021). Electric bicycles, next generation low carbon transport systems: A survey. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2021.100347.
  • Thomas, A. (2021). Electric bicycles and cargo bikes—Tools for parents to keep on biking in auto-centric communities? Findings from a US metropolitan area. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2021.1914787.
  • Tscharaktschiew, S., & Müller, S. (2021). Ride to the hills, ride to your school: Physical effort and mode choice. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102983.
2020
  • Bourne, J, E., Cooper, A, R., Kelly, P., Kinnear, F, J., England, C., Leary, S., and Page, A. (2020). The impact of e-cycling on travel behaviour: A scoping review. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.100910.
  • Fyhri, A., and Sundfør, H., B. (2020). Do people who buy e-bikes cycle more? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102422.
  • Hasnine, S., Dianat, A., and Nurul Habib, K. (2020). Investigating the factors affecting the distance travel and health conditions of e-bike users in Toronto. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100265.
  • Kazemzadeh, K., and Ronchi, E. (2020). From bike to electric bike level-of-service. Transport Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2021.1900450.
  • McQueen, M., MacArthur, J., and Cherry, C. (2020). The e-bike potential: estimating regional e-bike impacts on greenhouse gas emissions. Transport Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102482.
Earlier
  • Astegiano, P., Tampere, C., Mayeres, I., and Himpe. (2017). Electric Cycling in Flanders: Empirical Research into the Functional Use of the e-Bike. KU Leuven. KU Leuven.
  • Behrendt, F. (2015). Why cycling matters for electric mobility: towards diverse, active and sustainable e-mobilities. Mobilities. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2017.1335463.
  • Berntsen, S., Malnes, L., Langaker, A., and Bere, E. (2017). Physical activity when riding an electric assisted bicycle. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0513-z.
  • Fishman, E., & Cherry, C. (2015). E-bikes in the Mainstream: Reviewing a Decade of Research. Transport Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2015.1069907.
  • Fyhri, A., Heinen, E., Fearnley, N., amd Sundfør, H.B. (2017). A push to cycling—exploring the e-bike’s role in overcoming barriers to bicycle use with a survey and an intervention study. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2017.1302526.
  • Huertas-Leyva, P., Dozzal, M., and Baldanzini, N. (2019). E-bikers’ braking behavior: Results from a naturalistic cycling study. Traffic Injury Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2019.1643015.
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid (KiM). (2019). Gebruik van e-fiets en effecten op andere vervoerwijzen. https://www.kimnet.nl/publicaties/rapporten/2019/12/02/gebruik-van-e-fiets-en-effecten-op-andere-vervoerwijzen.
  • Ling, Z., Cherry,. MacArthur, J. H., and Weinert, X. J. (2017). Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States. Sustainabilityhttps://doi.org/10.3390/su9091662.
  • Liu, Y., Ji, Y., Liu, Q., and He, M. (2017). Investigating electric bicycles as a travel mode choice for escorting children to school. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Boardhttps://doi.org/10.3141/2634-02.
  • Salmerón-Manzano, E., and Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2018). The Electric Bicycle: Worldwide Research Trends. Energieshttps://doi.org/10.3390/en11071894.
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., and van den Berg, A. E. (2017). “Cycling was never so easy!” An analysis of e-bike commuters’ motives, travel behaviour and experiences using GPS-tracking and interviews. Journal of Transport Geographyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.09.017.
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., and van den Berg, A. E. (2017). The potential for e-biking among the younger population: A study of Dutch students. Travel Behaviour and Societyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2017.04.007.
  • Plazier, P., van den Berg, A. E., and Weitkamp, G. (2016). Commuting by e-bike: a mixed methods approach. RGS-IBG Conference, London, United Kingdom.
2024
  • Bonisoli, L., Cruz, A., and Rogel, K. (2024). Revving towards sustainability: Environmentalism impact on electric motorcycle adoption. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.140262.
  • Nguyen-Phuoc, D.Q., Truong, T.M., Nguyen, M.H., et al. (2024). What factors influence the intention to use electric motorcycles in motorcycle-dominated countries? An empirical study in Vietnam. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2023.11.013.
2023
  • Bach, X., Marquet, O., and Miralles-Guasch, C. (2023). Assessing social and spatial access equity in regulatory frameworks for moped-style scooter sharing services. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2023.01.002.
  • Chien, Y-H., Hsieh, I-Y.L., and Chang, T-H. (2023). Beyond personal vehicles: How electrifying scooters will help achieve climate mitigation goals in Taiwan. Energy Strategy Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2023.101056.
  • Hooper, J. M., Williams, D., Roberts-Bee, K., et al. (2023). Defining a vibration test profile for assessing the durability of electric motorcycle battery assemblies. Journal of Power Sources. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.232541.
  • Malikasab Bagawan, M. Vamsi Krishna, P. Rohit Kumar et al (2023) Design and analysis of electric motorcycle chassis frame. Science Direct. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2023.05.072    
  • Uribe, A., Fernández-Montoya, M., Vargas, J., et al. (2023). Discrete event simulation for battery-swapping station sizing for hybrid and electric motorcycles. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.136155.
2022
2020
  • Eccarius, T. and Lu, C.C. (2020). Powered two-wheelers for sustainable mobility: A review of consumer adoption of electric motorcycles. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1540735.
Earlier
  • Koossalapeerom, T., Satiennam, T., Satiennam, Leelapatra, W., Seedam, A., and Rakpukdee, T. (2019). Comparative study of real-world driving cycles, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions of electric and gasoline motorcycles driving in a congested urban corridor. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.12.031.
  • Xuan, P. Y., Henz, M., & Weigl. (2013). Environmental impact of Converted Electrical Motorcycle. 2013 World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS27) https://doi.org/10.1109/EVS.2013.6914813.
2024
  • Anke, J., Ringhand, M. and Petzoldt, T. (2024). Different but also alike? Ingroup-outgroup phenomena among cyclists and e-scooter riders. Journal of Safety Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2024.01.008.
  • Szemere, D., Iványi, T. and Surman, V. (2024). Exploring electric scooter regulations and user perspectives: A comprehensive study in Hungary. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2023.101135
  • Zakhem, M. and Smith‐Colin, J. (2024). An E-scooter route assignment framework to improve user safety, comfort and compliance with city rules and regulations. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103930.
2023
  • Aarhaug, J., Fearnley, N., and Johnsson, E. (2023). E-scooters and public transport – Complement or competition? Research in Transportation Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2023.101279
  • Aarhaug, J., Fearnley, N., Hartveit, K.J.L. and Johnsson, E. (2023). Price and competition in emerging shared e-scooter markets. Research in Transportation Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2023.101273
  • Abouelela, M., Chaniotakis, E., and Antoniou, C. (2023). Understanding the landscape of shared-e-scooters in North America; Spatiotemporal analysis and policy insights. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103602.
  • Chen, C.-F. and Lee, C.-H. (2023). Investigating shared e-scooter users’ customer value co-creation behaviors and their antecedents: Perceived service quality and perceived value. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2023.03.015
  • Deveci, M., Gokasar, I., Pamucar, D., Chen, Y., and Coffman, D. (2023). Sustainable E-scooter parking operation in urban areas using fuzzy Dombi based RAFSI model. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2023.104426.
  • Echeverría-Su, M., Huamanraime-Maquin, E., Cabrera, F.I., and Vázquez-Rowe, I. (2023). Transitioning to sustainable mobility in Lima, Peru. Are e-scooter sharing initiatives part of the problem or the solution?. Science of The Total Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.161130.
  • Félix, R., Orozco-Fontalvo, M. and Moura, F. (2023). Socio-economic assessment of shared e-scooters: do the benefits overcome the externalities? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103714
  • Karimpour, A., Hosseinzadeh, A. and Kluger, R. (2023). A data-driven approach to estimating dockless electric scooter service areas. Journal of Transport Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2023.103579
  • Kazemzadeh, K., Haghani, M., and Sprei, F. (2023). Electric scooter safety: An integrative review of evidence from transport and medical research domains. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104313.
  • Kim, M., Puczkowskyj, N., MacArthur, J. and Dill, J. (2023). Perspectives on e-scooters use: A multi-year cross-sectional approach to understanding e-scooter travel behavior in Portland, Oregon. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103866.
  • Klein, N., Brown, A., and Thigpen, C. (2023). Clutter and Compliance: Scooter Parking Interventions and Perceptions. Active Travel Studies. https://doi.org/10.16997/ats.1196.
  • Klein, N., Brown, A. and Thigpen, C. (2021). Naughty Scooter Parking: Do Perceptions Match Reality? Active Travel Studies. https://activetravelstudies.org/article/id/1196/.
  • Kutela, B., and Mwekh’iga, R.J. (2023). A multi-criteria approach to prioritize electric-scooters ordinances. A case of Bloomington City, Indiana. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2023.100959.
  • Leoni, J., Lucchini, A., Strada, S., Tanelli, M. and Savaresi, S.M. (2023). Active Driver Assistance Systems for e-Scooters based on Road Quality and Driving Style Estimation. IFAC-PapersOnLine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2023.10.1091.
  • Mehdizadeh, M., Nordfjaern, T., and Klöckner, C.A. (2023). Drunk or Sober? Number of alcohol units perceived to be safe before riding e-scooter. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2022.106930.
  • Muehlbacher, D., Will, S., Merkel, N., Perterer, N., Mlakar, S., Haller, M. and Perterer, M. (2023). Compliance to eco-riding recommendations on an E-scooter: Effects on energy consumption and user acceptance. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2023.100831.
  • Nitesh R. Shah, Jing Guo, Lee D. Han et al (2023) Why do people take e-scooter trips? Insights on temporal and spatial usage patterns of detailed trip data. Science Direct. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103705
  • Nikiforiadis, A., Paschalidis, E., Stamatiadis, N., et al. (2023). E-scooters and other mode trip chaining: Preferences and attitudes of university students. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103636.
  • Oviedo, D., Moore, C., Trofimova, A. (2023). Toy or Tool: Expectations, Impacts, and Contradictions of E-Scooters from a Social-Exclusion Perspective. SSRN. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4363779
  • Reis, A.F., Baptista, P., and Moura, F (2023). How to promote the environmental sustainability of shared e-scooters: A life-cycle analysis based on a case study from Lisbon, Portugal. Journal of Urban Mobility. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urbmob.2022.100044.
  • Samadzad, M., Nosratzadeh, H., Karami, H. and Karami, A. (2023). What are the factors affecting the adoption and use of electric scooter sharing systems from the end user’s perspective? Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2023.03.006
  • Sobrino, N., Gonzalez, J.N., Vassallo, J.M., and de los Angeles Baeza, M. (2023). Regulation of shared electric kick scooters in urban areas: Key drivers from expert stakeholders. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2023.02.009.
  • Šucha, M., Drimlová, E., Rečka, K., et al. (2023) E-scooter riders and pedestrians: Attitudes and interactions in five countries. Heliyon Open Access. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e15449
  • Tuli, F.M., Nithila, A.N. and Mitra, S. (2023). Uncovering the spatio-temporal impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on shared e-scooter usage: A spatial panel model. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2023.100843
  • Ventura, R., Ghirardi, A., Vetturi, D., Giulio Maternini and Barabino, B. (2023). Comparing the vibrational behaviour of e-kick scooters and e-bikes: Evidence from Italy. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2023.10.010.
  • Wallgren, P., Rexfelt, O. and Nikitas, A. (2023). Comparing the bad media-fuelled reputation of e-scooters with real-life user and non-user perceptions: Evidence from Sweden. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2023.10.005.
  • Wei, W., Petit, Y., Arnoux, P-J., and Bailly, N. (2023). Head-ground impact conditions and helmet performance in E-scooter falls. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2022.106935.
  • White, E., Guo, F., Han, S., et al. (2023). What factors contribute to e-scooter crashes: A first look using a naturalistic riding approach. Journal of Safety Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2023.02.002.
  • Yan, X., Zhao, X., Broaddus, A., et al. (2023). Evaluating shared e-scooters’ potential to enhance public transit and reduce driving. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103640.
  • Zarafsh ani, H., Watjanatepin, P., Lepelaar, M., et al. (2023). Environmental assessment of woven hemp fibre reinforced epoxy composites and potential applications in aerospace and electric scooter industries. Results in Materials. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinma.2023.100474.
2022
2021
2020
  • Sanders, R. L., Branion-Calles, M., and Nelson, T. A. (2020). To scoot or not to scoot: Findings from a recent survey about the benefits and barriers of using E-scooters for riders and non-riders. Transportation Research Part A: policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2020.07.009.
  • Severengiz, S., Finke, S., Schelte, N., and Wendt, N. (2020). Life Cycle Assessment on the Mobility Service E-Scooter Sharing. 2020 IEEE European Technology and Engineering Management Summit. 10.1109/E-TEMS46250.2020.9111817.
2024
  • Bretones, A., Miralles-Guasch, C. and Marquet, O. (2024). Real-world and traffic-adjusted physical activity levels of micromobility modes in Barcelona. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101732.
  • Seyed Hamidreza Heidary and Amin Komeili (2024). A technical study on the design of electric bicycles: applications in intervention programs. Elsevier eBooks. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-90597-8.00012-8.
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2023
  • Bretones, A., and Marquet, O. (2023). Riding to health: Investigating the relationship between micromobility use and objective physical activity in Barcelona adults. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101588.
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2022
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2021
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2024
  • Saum, N., Piantanakulchai, M., and Sugiura, S. (2024). Supply level planning for shared e-scooters considering spatiotemporal heteroscedastic demand. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2024.101019.
2023
  • Azad, M., Rose, W.J., MacArthur, J.H., and Cherry, C.R. (2023). E-trikes for urban delivery: An empirical mixed-fleet simulation approach to assess city logistics sustainability. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2023.104641.
  • Ballano, A., Al-Rahamneh, A., Serrano-Hernandez, A. and Faulin, J. (2023). Agent-based modelling and simulation for hub and electric last mile distribution in Vienna. Procedia Computer Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2023.03.094
  • Díaz-Ramírez, J., Sebastián Zazueta-Nassif, Galarza-Tamez, R., Prato-Sánchez, D. and Huertas, J.I. (2023). Characterization of urban distribution networks with light electric freight vehicles. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103719
  • Schomakers, E-M., Lotz, V., Glawe, F., and Ziefle, M. (2023). The effect of design and behaviour of automated micro-vehicles for urban delivery on other road users’ perceptions. Multimodal Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.multra.2023.100079.
2021
2020
  • Tsakalidis, A., Krause, J., Julea, A., Peduzzi, E., Pisoni, E., and Thiel, C. (2020). Electric light commercial vehicles: Are they the sleeping giant of electromobility? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102421.
Earlier
  • Huang, F.H. (2019). Understanding user acceptance of battery swapping service of sustainable transport: An empirical study of a battery swap station for electric scooters, Taiwan. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1547464.
  • Oliveira, C. M., Bandeira, R. A., Goes, G. V., Goncalves, D. N. S., and D’Agosto, M. (2017). Sustainable Vehicles-Based Alternatives in Last Mile Distribution of Urban Freight Transport: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081324.
  • Ploos van Amstel, W., Balm, S., Warmerdam, J., Boerema, M., et al. (2018). City logistics: Light and electric: LEFV-logic: research on light electric freight vehicles. Faculty of Technology: Vol. 13. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. https://www.dropbox.com/s/jtynb22ir25ygj9/lefv-logic.english.pdf?dl=0 .
2024
  • Ahn, H. and Park, E. (2024). The impact of consumers’ sustainable electronic-word-of-mouth in purchasing sustainable mobility: An analysis from online review comments of e-commerce. Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2023.101086.
  • Gunes, S., Fried, T. and Goodchild, A. (2024). Seattle microhub delivery pilot: Evaluating emission impacts and stakeholder engagement. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2023.101119
2023
2022
  • Murugan, M. and Marisamynathan, S. (2022). Mode shift behaviour and user willingness to adopt the electric two-wheeler: A study based on Indian road user preferences. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2022.03.008.
2021
Earlier
  • Arsenio, E., Dias, J. V., Lopes, S. A., and Pereira, H. I. (2018). Assessing the market potential of electric bicycles and ICT for low carbon school travel: a case study in the Smart City of ÁGUEDA. European Transport Research Review. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0279-z.
2024
  • Boamah, E.F., Miller, M., Diamond, J., Grooms, W. and Daniel Baldwin Hess (2024). The long journey to equity: A comparative policy analysis of US electric micromobility programs. Journal of Transport Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2023.103789.
  • Delbosc, A. and Thigpen, C. (2024). Who uses subsidised micromobility, and why? Understanding low-income riders in three countries. Journal of Cycling and Micromobility Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmr.2024.100016.
  • Huitao Lv, Zhang, F., Wong, M., Xing, Q. and Ji, Y. (2024). Activity-Based travel chain simulation for Battery-Swapping demand of electric micromobility vehicles. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.104022.
  • Manirathinam, T., Narayanamoorthy, S., Geetha, S., Ahmadian, A., Феррара, M., and Kang, D. (2024). Assessing performance and satisfaction of micro-mobility in smart cities for sustainable clean energy transportation using novel APPRESAL method. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.140372.
  • Zhang, F., Lyu, H., Xing, Q. and Ji, Y. (2024). Deployment of battery-swapping stations: Integrating travel chain simulation and multi-objective optimization for delivery electric micromobility vehicles. Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2024.130252.
2023
  • Bretones, A., and Marquet, O. (2023). Riding to health: Investigating the relationship between micromobility use and objective physical activity in Barcelona adults. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101588.
  • Cubells, J., Miralles-Guasch, C., and Marquet, O. (2023). Gendered travel behaviour in micromobility? Travel speed and route choice through the lens of intersecting identities. Journal of Transport Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2022.103502.
  • Diallo, A.O., Gloriot, T. and Manout, O. (2023). Agent-based simulation of shared bikes and e-scooters: the case of Lyon. Procedia Computer Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2023.03.047
  • Ecer, F., Küçükönder, H., Kayapınar Kaya, S. and Faruk Görçün, Ö. (2023). Sustainability performance analysis of micro-mobility solutions in urban transportation with a novel IVFNN-Delphi-LOPCOW-CoCoSo framework. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2023.103667
  • Ghaffar, A., Hyland, M. and Saphores, J.-D. (2023). Meta-analysis of shared micromobility ridership determinants. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103847.
  • Hong, D., Jang, S., and Lee, C. (2023). Investigation of shared micromobility preference for last-mile travel on shared parking lots in city center. Travel Behaviour and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2022.09.002.
  • Olabi, A.G., Wilberforce, T., Obaideen, K., et al. (2023). Micromobility: progress, benefits, challenges, policy and regulations, energy sources and storage, and its role in achieving sustainable development goals. International Journal of Thermofluids. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijft.2023.100292.
  • Schumann, H., Haitao, H., Quddus, M (2023). Passively generated big data for micro-mobility: State-of-the-art and future research directions. Science Direct. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103795
  • Zhang, C., Du,B., Zheng, Z., and Shen, J. (2023). Space sharing between pedestrians and micro-mobility vehicles: A systematic review. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103629.
  • Zhang, F., Lyu, H., Ji, Y., Wong, M., Kuai, C. and Fan, J. (2023). Battery swapping demand simulation for electric micromobility vehicles considering multi-source information interaction and behavior decision. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.137525.
  • Zhang, Y., Zhang, F., Ji, Y., Liu, Y. (2023). Understanding the illegal charging intention of electric micro-mobility vehicle users by extending the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.137491.
  • Zhang, Y., Zhang, F., Ji, Y. and Liu, Y. (2023). Understanding the illegal charging intention of electric micro-mobility vehicle users by extending the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.137491  
2022
  • Adjei, F., Cimador, T., Severengiz, S. (2022). Electrically powered micro mobility vehicles in Ghana: transition process with a focus on social acceptance. Procedia CIRP. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2022.02.127.
  • Altintasi, O., and Yalcinkaya, S. (2022). Siting charging stations and identifying safe and convenient routes for environmentally sustainable e-scooter systems. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104020.
  • Asensio, O.I., Apablaza, C.Z., Cade Lawson, M., Chen, E.W., and Horner, S.J. (2022). Impacts of micromobility on car displacement with evidence from a natural experiment and geofencing policy. Nature Energy. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-022-01135-1.
  • Bretones, A., and Marquet, O. (2022). Sociopsychological factors associated with the adoption and usage of electric micromobility. A literature review. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.09.008.
  • Chicco, A. and Diana, M. (2022). Understanding micro-mobility usage patterns: a preliminary comparison between dockless bike sharing and e-scooters in the city of Turin (Italy). Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2022.02.057.
  • Dozza, M., Li, T., Billstein, L., Svernlöv, C., and Rasch, A. (2022). How do different micro-mobility vehicles affect longitudinal control? Results from a field experiment. Journal of Safety Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2022.10.005.
  • Ignaccolo, M., Inturri, G., Cocuzza, E. et al. (2022). Developing micromobility in urban areas: network planning criteria for e-scooters and electric micromobility devices. Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2021.12.058.
  • Jiao, J., Lee, H.K., and Choi, S.J. (2022). Impacts of COVID-19 on bike-sharing usages in Seoul, South Korea. Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2022.103849.
  • Li, H., Yuan, Z., Novack, T., Huang, W., and Zipf, A. (2022). Understanding spatiotemporal trip purposes of urban micro-mobility from the lens of dockless e-scooter sharing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101848.
  • Liu, H-C., Lin, J-J. (2022). Associations of built environments with spatiotemporal patterns of shared scooter use: A comparison with shared bike use. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.07.012.
  • Liu, L., and Miller, H.J. (2022). Measuring the impacts of dockless micro-mobility services on public transit accessibility. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101885.
  • Lu, F., Yan, L., and Huang, B. (2022). Site selection for shared charging and swapping stations using the SECA and TRUST methods. Energy Reports. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.10.378.
  • Medina-Molina, C., Pérez-Macías, N., and Gismera-Tierno, L. (2022). The multi-level perspective and micromobility services. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2022.100183.
  • Orozco-Fontalvo, M., Llerena, L. and Cantillo, V. (2022). Dockless electric scooters: A review of a growing micromobility mode. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2022.2044097.
  • Reck, J. D., Martin, H., and Axhausen, K. W. (2022). Mode choice, substitution patterns and environmental impacts of shared and personal micro-mobility. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103134.
  • Sun, S. and Ertz, M. (2022). Can shared micromobility programs reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Evidence from urban transportation big data. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104045.
  • Tier (2022). Segregated infrastructure: the key to micro-mobility safety and adoption. Tier. Segregated infrastructure: the key to micro-mobility safety and adoption | TIER Blog
  • Torabi, K., Araghi, Y., van Oort, N., and Hoogendoorn, S. (2022). Passengers preferences for using emerging modes as first/last mile transport to and from a multimodal hub case study Delft Campus railway station. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2021.12.011.
  • van Kuijk, R.J., Almeida Correia, G.H., van Oort, N., and van Arem, B. (2022). Preferences for first and last mile shared mobility between stops and activity locations: A case study of local public transport users in Utrecht, the Netherlands. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2022.10.008.
  • Younes, H. and Baiocchi, G. (2022). Analyzing the spatial determinants of dockless e-scooter & e-bike trips across four U.S. cities. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2022.2119623.
2021
2020
2023
  • Bokolo, A.J. (2023). Data enabling digital ecosystem for sustainable shared electric mobility-as-a-service in smart cities-an innovative business model perspective. Research in Transportation & Business Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2023.101043.
  • Hasselwander, M., Nieland, S., Dematera-Contreras, K. et al (2023) MaaS for the masses: Potential transit accessibility gains and required policies under Mobility-as-a-Service. Science Direct. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.multra.2023.100086
  • Klopfer, A., Frank, L. and Walther, G. (2023). Quantifying emission and cost reduction potentials of Corporate Mobility as a Service. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2023.103985.
  • Krauss, K., Reck, D.J., and Axhausen, K.W. (2023). How does transport supply and mobility behaviour impact preferences for MaaS bundles? A multi-city approach. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2023.104013.
  • McIlroy, R.C (2023) Mobility as a service and gender: A review with a view. Science Direct https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2023.100596
2022
2021
  • Arias-Molinares, D., Julio, R., García-Palomares, J.C., and Gutiérrez, J. (2021). Exploring micromobility services: Characteristics of station-based bike-sharing users and their relationship with dockless services. Journal of Urban Mobility. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urbmob.2021.100010.
  • Hensher, D. A., Mulley, C., and Nelson, J. D. (2021). Mobility as a service (MaaS) – Going somewhere or nowhere? Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.07.021.
2020
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid. (2020). Kansrijke verplaatsingen met Mobility-as-a-Service. ISBN/EAN: 978-90-8902-240-0.
  • Zhao, X., Vaddadi, B., Sjöman, M., Hesselgren, M., & Pernestal, A. (2020). Key barriers in MaaS development and implementation: Lessons learned from testing Corporate MaaS (CMaaS). Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspective. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100227.
  • Zijlstra, T., Durand, A., Hoogendoorn-Lanser, S., & Harms, L. (2020). Early adopters of Mobility-as-a-Service in the Netherlands. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.07.019.
  • Active Travel Academy: brings together a broad spectrum of expertise to lead research with a focus on walking and cycling, use of other ‘micromobilities’ from e-scooters to electric hand cycles; and reduction in car use
  • FERSI: The Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes
  • HVA: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Faculty of Technology
  • KU Leuven: ELECTA, this research division covers the broad spectrum of electrical energy systems and robust control of industrial systems
  • LEVER: The Light Electric Vehicle Education and Research (LEVER) Initiative
  • VUB Brussels: MOBI, the mobility, logistics and automotive technology research centre 
2024
  • Al‐Habaibeh, A., Shakmak, B., Watkins, M. and Shin, H.-J. (2024). A Novel Method of Using Sound Waves and Artificial Intelligence for the Detection of Vehicle’s Proximity from Cyclists and E-Scooters. MethodsX. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2023.102534.
  • Janikian, G.S., Caird, J.K., Hagel, B. and Reay, G. (2024). A scoping review of E-scooter safety: Delightful urban slalom or injury epidemic? Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2023.12.015.
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2023
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