LEV research

LEV Research

  • Arnold, F., Cardenas, I., Sörensen, K., & Dewulf, W. (2018, revised). Simulation of B2C e-commerce distribution in Antwerp using cargo bikes and delivery points. European Transport Research Review, 10:2. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0272-6
  • Assmann, T., & Behrendt, F. (2017). Determining optimal container heights for cargobike crossdocking schemes in urban areas. Conference: 10th International Doctoral Students Workshop on Logistics, At Magdeburg, Germany
  • Hofmann, W., Assmann, T., Neghabadi, P. D., Cung, V.D., & Tolujevs.  (2017). A Simulation Tool to Assess the Integration of Cargo Bikes into an Urban Distribution System. Conference: The 5th International Workshop on Simulation for Energy, Sustainable Development & Environment, At Barcelona, Spain. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01875988
  • Landesinstitut Für Arbeitsgestaltung. Good vibrations? Unterschätztes Risiko von Vibrationen bei Lastenpedelecs. Retrieved from https://www.lia.nrw.de/service/publikationen-downloads/LIA_fakten/index.html
  • Melo, S., & Baptista, P. (2017). Evaluating the impacts of using cargo cycles on urban logistics:integrating traffic, environmental and operational boundaries. European Transport Research Review, 9 (30). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0246-8
  • Anderson, A., Adell, E., & Hiselius, L. W. (2021). What is the substitution effect of e-bikes? A randomised controlled trial. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102648
  • Berntsen, S., Malnes, L., Langaker, A., & Bere, E. (2017). Physical activity when riding an electric assisted bicycle. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14, 55. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0513-z
  • Deakin, N. L. (2021). Recognising the physical and social characteristics of urban cycling environments (PHD). Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam. https://dare.uva.nl/search?identifier=0b2cb8ed-3d15-4b65-9c1f-2bbd61ba8be1
  • Hasnine, S., Dianat, A., & Nurul Habib, K. (2020). Investigating the factors affecting the distance travel and health conditions of e-bike users in Toronto. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100265.
  • Fishman, E., & Cherry, C. (2015). E-bikes in the Mainstream: Reviewing a Decade of Research. Transport Reviews, 36(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2015.1069907
  • Fyhri, A., & Sundfør, H., B. (2020). Do people who buy e-bikes cycle more? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102422
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid (KiM). (2019). Gebruik van e-fiets en effecten op andere vervoerwijzen.https://www.kimnet.nl/publicaties/rapporten/2019/12/02/gebruik-van-e-fiets-en-effecten-op-andere-vervoerwijzen
  • McQueen, M., MacArthur, J., & Cherry, C. (2020). The e-bike potential: estimating regional e-bike impacts on greenhouse gas emissions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102482
  • Salmerón-Manzano, E., & Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2018). The Electric Bicycle: Worldwide Research Trends. Energies, 11,1894. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071894
  • Ling, Z., Cherry,. MacArthur, J. H., & Weinert, X. J. (2017). Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States. Sustainability, 9 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9091662
  • Liu, Y., Ji, Y., Liu, Q., and He, M. (2017). “Investigating electric bicycles as a travel mode choice for escorting children to school.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Boardhttps://doi.org/10.3141/2634-02
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., & van den Berg, A. E. (2017). “Cycling was never so easy!” An analysis of e-bike commuters’ motives, travel behaviour and experiences using GPS-tracking and interviews. Journal of Transport Geography, 65, 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.09.017
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., & van den Berg, A. E. (2017). The potential for e-biking among the younger population: A study of Dutch students. Travel Behaviour and Society, 8, 37-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2017.04.007
  • Plazier, P., van den Berg, A. E., & Weitkamp, G. (2016). Commuting by e-bike: a mixed methods approach. RGS-IBG Conference, London, United Kingdom.
  • Stilo, L., Segura-Velandia, D., Lugo, H., Conway, P. P., & West, A. A. (2021). Electric bicycles, next generation low carbon transport systems: A survey. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2021.100347

  • Koossalapeerom, T., Satiennam, T., Satiennam, Leelapatra, W., Seedam, A., & Rakpukdee, T. (2019). Comparative study of real-world driving cycles, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions of electric and gasoline motorcycles driving in a congested urban corridor. Sustainable Cities and Society, 45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.12.031
  • Xuan, P. Y., Henz, M., & Weigl. (2013). Environmental impact of Converted Electrical Motorcycle. https://doi.org/10.1109/EVS.2013.6914813
  • Kopplin, S, C., Brand, M, B., & Reichenberger, Y. (2021). Consumer acceptance of shared e-scooters for urban and short-distance mobility. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102680
  • Lee, H., Baek, K., Chung, J. H., & Kim, J. (2021). Factors affecting heterogeneity in willingness to use e-scooter sharing services. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102751
  • Lee, J. K., Yun, C. H., & Yun, M. H. (2021). Contextual risk factors in the use of electric kick scooters: An episode sampling inquiry. Safety Science, 132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105233
  • Ma, Q., Yang, H., Ma, Y., Yang, D., Hu, X., & Xie, K. (2021). Examining municipal guidelines for users of shared E-Scooters in the United States. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102710
  • Merlin, L, A., Yan, X., Xu, Y., & Zhao, X. (2021). A segment-level model of shared, electric scooter origins and destinations. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102709
  • Mitra, R., & Hess, P. M. (2021). Who are the potential users of shared e-scooters? An examination of socio-demographic, attitudinal and environmental factors. Travel Behaviour and Society, 23. pp. 100-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2020.12.004
  • Ratan, R., Earle., Roesenthal, S., Chen, V., Gambino, A., Goggin, G., Stevens, H., Li, B., & Lee, K. (2021). The (digital) medium of mobility is the message: Examining the influence of e-scooter mobile app perceptions on e-scooter use intent. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chbr.2021.100076
  • Zhang, W., Buehler, R., Broaddus, A., & Sweeney, T. (2021). What type of infrastructures do e-scooter riders prefer? A route choice model. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102761
  • Aldred, R., Woodcock, J., & Goodman, A. (2021). Major investment in active travel in Outer London: Impacts on travel behaviour, physical activity, and health. Journal of Transport & Health, 20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.100958
  • Berntsen, S., Malnes, L., Langåker, A., & Bere, E. (2017). Physical activity when riding an electric assisted bicycle. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14 (55). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0513-z
  • Boele-Vos, M. J., Commandeur, J. J. F., & Twisk, D. A. M. (2017). Effect of physical effort on mental workload of cyclists in real traffic in relation to age and use of pedelecs. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2016.11.025
  • Bourne, J. E., Sauchelli, S., Perry, R., Page, A., Leary, S., England, C., & Cooper, R. A. (2018). Health benefits of electrically-assisted cycling: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15(116). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-018-0751-8
  • Castro, A., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Dons, E., Standaert, A., Laeremans, M., Clark, A,… Götschi, T. (2019). Physical activity of electric bicycle users compared to conventional bicycle users and non-cyclists: Insights based on health and transport data from an online survey in seven European cities. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2019.100017
  • Hall, C., Hoj, T. H., Clark, J., Geoff, W., Chaney, R. A., Crookston, B., & West, J. (2019). Pedal-Assist Mountain Bikes: A Pilot Study Comparison of the Exercise Response, Perceptions, and Beliefs of Experienced Mountain Bikers. JMIR Formative Research, 3 (3). 10.2196/13643
  • Höchsmann, C., Meister, S., Gehrig, D., Gordon, E., Li, Y., Nussbaumer, M., Rossmeissl, A., Schäfer, J., Hanssen, H., & Schmidt-Trucksäss, A. (2018). Effect of E-Bike Versus Bike Commuting on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Overweight Adults: A 4-Week Randomized Pilot Study. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 28 (3), 255-265. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000438
  • Kazemzadeh, K., & Koglin, T. (2021). Electric bike (non)users’ health and comfort concerns pre and peri a world pandemic (COVID-19): A qualitative study. Journal of Transport & Health, 20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2021.101014
  • Langford, B.C., Cherry, C., Bassett Jr, D., Fitzhugh, E., & Dhaka, N. (2017). Comparing physical activity of pedal-assist electric bikes with walking and conventional bicycles.  Journal of Transport, 6, 463-473, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.06.002
  • Stokols, D., Novaco, R. W., Stokols, J., & Campbell, J. (1978). Traffic congestion, Type A behavior, and stress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63(4), 467–480. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.63.4.467
  • Peterman, J.E., Morris, K.L., Kram, R., & Byrnes, C. W. (2016). Pedelecs as a physically active transportation mode. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (8), 1565-1573. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3408-9
  • Sundfør, H. B., & Fyhri, A. (2017). A push for public health: the effect of e-bikes on physical activity levels. BMC Public Health, 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4817-3.
  • Twisk, D. A. M., Platteel, S., & Lovegrove, G. R. (2017). An experiment on rider stability while mounting: Comparing middle-aged and elderly cyclists on pedelecs and conventional bicycles.  Accident Analysis & Prevention, 105, 109-116.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.01.004
  • Caggiani, L., Colovic, A., Prencipe, L, P., & Ottomanelli, M. (2021). A green logistics solution for last-mile deliveries considering e-vans and e-cargo bikes. Transportation Research Procedia, 52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2021.01.010
  • Oliveira, C. M., Bandeira, R. A., Goes, G. V., Goncalves, D. N. S., & D’Agosto, M. (2017). Sustainable Vehicles-Based Alternatives in Last Mile Distribution of Urban Freight Transport: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability, 9(8), 1324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081324
  • Ploos van Amstel, W., Balm, S., Warmerdam, J., Boerema, M., Altenburg, M., Rieck, F., & Peters, T. (2018). City logistics: Light and electric: LEFV-logic: research on light electric freight vehicles. Faculty of Technology: Vol. 13. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences
  • Tsakalidis, A., Krause, J., Julea, A., Peduzzi, E., Pisoni, E., & Thiel, C. (2020). Electric light commercial vehicles: Are they the sleeping giant of electromobility? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102421

Arsenio, E., Dias, J. V., Lopes, S. A., & Pereira, H. I. (2018). Assessing the market potential of electric bicycles and ICT for low carbon school travel: a case study in the Smart City of ÁGUEDA. European Transport Research Review, 10 (13). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0279-z

  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid. (2020). Kansrijke verplaatsingen met Mobility-as-a-Service. ISBN/EAN: 978-90-8902-240-0.
  • Zhao, X., Vaddadi, B., Sjöman, M., Hesselgren, M., & Pernestal, A. (2020). Key barriers in MaaS development and implementation: Lessons learned from testing Corporate MaaS (CMaaS). Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspective, 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100227
  • Zijlstra, T., Durand, A., Hoogendoorn-Lanser, S., & Harms, L. (2020). Early adopters of Mobility-as-a-Service in the Netherlands. Transport Policy, 97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.07.019
  • FERSI: The Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes
  • HVA: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Faculty of Technology
  • KU Leuven: ELECTA, this research division covers the broad spectrum of electrical energy systems and robust control of industrial systems
  • LEVER: The Light Electric Vehicle Education and Research (LEVER) Initiative
  • VUB Brussels: MOBI, the mobility, logistics and automotive technology research centre 

Hertach, P., Uhr, A., Niemann, S., & Cavegn, M. (2018). Characteristics of single-vehicle crashes with e-bikes in Switzerland. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 117, 232-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.04.021

  • 6t-bureau de recherche, (2019), Marché et usages des speedelecs, Rapport final, 148 p. https://www.ademe.fr/sites/default/files/assets/documents/rapport-marche-usages-speedelec-charte-ademe-2020.pdf
  • Rotthier, B., Stevens G., Huyck B., Motoasca E., Cappelle J. (2017). The rise of the speed pedelec, restrained by legislation? EVS30-9860742. Presented at the EVS, Stuttgart, 09-11 Oct 2017
  • Twisk, D., Stelling, A., Van Gent, P., De Groot, J., & Vlakveld, W. (2021). Speed characteristics of speed pedelecs, pedelecs and conventional bicycles in naturalistic urban and rural traffic conditions. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105940
  • Van den Steen, N., Herteleer, B., Cappelle, J., & Vanhaverbeke, L. (2019). Motivations and barriers for using speed pedelecs for daily commuting. World Electr. Veh. J.2019, 10(4), 87. https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj10040087
  • Van der Salm, M. L. M. (2020). De speed pedelec: wie zijn de gebruikers? (master’s thesis)
  • Davies, H. C., & Bastien, C. (2021). An Approach for the Crash Safety Assessment of Smaller and Lightweight Vehicles. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.02.009
  • Raji, A., Devaraju, A., Gopi, R., & Venkatesh, R. (2021). Fabrication and mechanical characterization of hybrid composite bike safety helmet. Materialstoday: proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.11.433
  • Rodriquez-Rosa, D., Payo-Gutierrez, I., Castillo-Garcia, Gonzalez-Rodriquez, A., & Perez-Juarez, S. (2017). Improving Energy Efficiency of an Autonomous Bicycle with Adaptive Controller Design. Sustainability, 9(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050866
  • Rotthier, B., Stevens G., Dikomitis L., Huyck B., Motoasca E., Cappelle J. (2017). Typical cruising speed of speed pedelecs and the link with motor power as a result of a Belgian naturalistic cycling study. (Paper No. 12). Presented at the International Cycling Safety Conference, Davis, USA, 20-Sep 2017 / 23-Sep 2017
  • Sivaraman, N., Vaidyanathan, R. M., Patel, M., Woldegiorgis, M. M., & Atiso, T. A. (2021). Performance evaluation of tricycle for differently abled people. Materialstoday: proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.12.963
  • Brand, C., Dons, E., Anaya-Boig, Avila-Palencia, I., Clark, A., Nazelle, A,m Gascon, M., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Gerike, R., Götschi, T., Lacorossi, F., Kahlmeier, S., Laeremans, M., Nieuwenhuijsen, J. M., Orjuela, J. P., Racioppi, F., Raser, E., Rojas-Rueda, D., & Panis, L. (2021). The climate change mitigation effects of daily active travel in cities. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102764.
  • Dill, J., & McNeil, N. (2020). Are Shared Vehicles Shared by All? A Review of Equity and Vehicle Sharing. Journal of Planning Literature: Transportation and Cities in the 21st Century: Will New Mobility Technologies Make Cities More Sustainable? https://doi.org/10.1177/0885412220966732.
  • European Parliament, TRAN-committee. (2021). Sustainable and smart urban transport. Study.
  • Hosseinzadeh, A., Algomaiah, M., Kluger, R., & Li, Z. (2020). E-scooters and Sustainability: Investigating the Relationship between the Density of E-Scooter Trips and Characteristics of Sustainable Urban Development. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102624.
  • Lozzi, G., Rodrigues, M., Marcucci, E., Teoh, T., Gatta, V., & Pacelli, V. (2020). Research for TRAN Committee – COVID-19 and urban mobility: impacts and perspectives, European Parliament, Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, Brussels. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=IPOL_IDA(2020)652213.
  • Maltese, I., Gatta, V., & Marcucci, E. (2021). Active Travel in Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans. An Italian overview. Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2021.100621
  • Yang, Y., Jiang, L., & Zhang, Z. (2021). Tourists on shared bikes: Can bike-sharing boost attraction demand? Tourism Management, 86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2021.104328
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