LEV research

LEV Research

2022
2021
Earlier
  • Arnold, F., Cardenas, I., Sörensen, K., and Dewulf, W. (2018, revised). Simulation of B2C e-commerce distribution in Antwerp using cargo bikes and delivery points. European Transport Research Review. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0272-6.
  • Assmann, T., and Behrendt, F. (2017). Determining optimal container heights for cargobike crossdocking schemes in urban areas. Conference: 10th International Doctoral Students Workshop on Logistics, At Magdeburg, Germany.
  • Hofmann, W., Assmann, T., Neghabadi, P. D., Cung, V.D., and Tolujevs, J.  (2017). A Simulation Tool to Assess the Integration of Cargo Bikes into an Urban Distribution System. Conference: The 5th International Workshop on Simulation for Energy, Sustainable Development & Environment, At Barcelona, Spain. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01875988.
  • Landesinstitut Für Arbeitsgestaltung. Good vibrations? Unterschätztes Risiko von Vibrationen bei Lastenpedelecs. Retrieved from https://www.lia.nrw.de/service/publikationen-downloads/LIA_fakten/index.html.
  • Melo, S., and Baptista, P. (2017). Evaluating the impacts of using cargo cycles on urban logistics:integrating traffic, environmental and operational boundaries. European Transport Research Reviewhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0246-8.

2022
2021
  • Alessio, H. M., Reiman, T., Kemper, B., Von Carlowitz, W., Bailer, A. J., and Timmerman, K. (2021). Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses to a Simulated Commute on an E-Bike. Translational Journal of the ACSM. https://doi.org/10.1249/TJX.0000000000000155.
  • Anderson, A., Adell, E., and Hiselius, L. W. (2021). What is the substitution effect of e-bikes? A randomised controlled trial. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102648.
  • Deakin, N. L. (2021). Recognising the physical and social characteristics of urban cycling environments (PHD). Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam. https://hdl.handle.net/11245.1/0b2cb8ed-3d15-4b65-9c1f-2bbd61ba8be1.
  • Hallberg, M., Rasmussen, T. K., and Rich, J. (2021). Modelling the impact of cycle superhighways and electric bicycles. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2021.04.015.
  • Mitterwallner, V., Steinbauer, P. M., Besold, A., et al. (2021). Electrically assisted mountain biking: Riding faster, higher, farther in natural mountain systems. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2021.100448.
  • Rérat, P. (2021). The rise of the e-bike: Towards an extension of the practice of cycling? Mobilities. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2021.1897236.
  • Stilo, L., Segura-Velandia, D., Lugo, H., Conway, P. P., and West, A. A. (2021). Electric bicycles, next generation low carbon transport systems: A survey. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2021.100347.
  • Tscharaktschiew, S., & Müller, S. (2021). Ride to the hills, ride to your school: Physical effort and mode choice. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.102983.
2020
  • Bourne, J, E., Cooper, A, R., Kelly, P., Kinnear, F, J., England, C., Leary, S., and Page, A. (2020). The impact of e-cycling on travel behaviour: A scoping review. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.100910.
  • Fyhri, A., and Sundfør, H., B. (2020). Do people who buy e-bikes cycle more? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102422.
  • Hasnine, S., Dianat, A., and Nurul Habib, K. (2020). Investigating the factors affecting the distance travel and health conditions of e-bike users in Toronto. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100265.
  • Kazemzadeh, K., and Ronchi, E. (2020). From bike to electric bike level-of-service. Transport Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2021.1900450.
  • McQueen, M., MacArthur, J., and Cherry, C. (2020). The e-bike potential: estimating regional e-bike impacts on greenhouse gas emissions. Transport Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102482.
Earlier
  • Astegiano, P., Tampere, C., Mayeres, I., and Himpe. (2017). Electric Cycling in Flanders: Empirical Research into the Functional Use of the e-Bike. KU Leuven. KU Leuven.
  • Behrendt, F. (2015). Why cycling matters for electric mobility: towards diverse, active and sustainable e-mobilities. Mobilities. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2017.1335463.
  • Berntsen, S., Malnes, L., Langaker, A., and Bere, E. (2017). Physical activity when riding an electric assisted bicycle. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0513-z.
  • Fishman, E., & Cherry, C. (2015). E-bikes in the Mainstream: Reviewing a Decade of Research. Transport Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2015.1069907.
  • Fyhri, A., Heinen, E., Fearnley, N., amd Sundfør, H.B. (2017). A push to cycling—exploring the e-bike’s role in overcoming barriers to bicycle use with a survey and an intervention study. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2017.1302526.
  • Huertas-Leyva, P., Dozzal, M., and Baldanzini, N. (2019). E-bikers’ braking behavior: Results from a naturalistic cycling study. Traffic Injury Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2019.1643015.
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid (KiM). (2019). Gebruik van e-fiets en effecten op andere vervoerwijzen. https://www.kimnet.nl/publicaties/rapporten/2019/12/02/gebruik-van-e-fiets-en-effecten-op-andere-vervoerwijzen.
  • Ling, Z., Cherry,. MacArthur, J. H., and Weinert, X. J. (2017). Differences of Cycling Experiences and Perceptions between E-Bike and Bicycle Users in the United States. Sustainabilityhttps://doi.org/10.3390/su9091662.
  • Liu, Y., Ji, Y., Liu, Q., and He, M. (2017). Investigating electric bicycles as a travel mode choice for escorting children to school. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Boardhttps://doi.org/10.3141/2634-02.
  • Salmerón-Manzano, E., and Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2018). The Electric Bicycle: Worldwide Research Trends. Energieshttps://doi.org/10.3390/en11071894.
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., and van den Berg, A. E. (2017). “Cycling was never so easy!” An analysis of e-bike commuters’ motives, travel behaviour and experiences using GPS-tracking and interviews. Journal of Transport Geographyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.09.017.
  • Plazier, P. A., Weitkamp, G., and van den Berg, A. E. (2017). The potential for e-biking among the younger population: A study of Dutch students. Travel Behaviour and Societyhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2017.04.007.
  • Plazier, P., van den Berg, A. E., and Weitkamp, G. (2016). Commuting by e-bike: a mixed methods approach. RGS-IBG Conference, London, United Kingdom.
2022
2020
  • Eccarius, T. and Lu, C.C. (2020). Powered two-wheelers for sustainable mobility: A review of consumer adoption of electric motorcycles. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1540735.
Earlier
  • Koossalapeerom, T., Satiennam, T., Satiennam, Leelapatra, W., Seedam, A., and Rakpukdee, T. (2019). Comparative study of real-world driving cycles, energy consumption, and CO2 emissions of electric and gasoline motorcycles driving in a congested urban corridor. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.12.031.
  • Xuan, P. Y., Henz, M., & Weigl. (2013). Environmental impact of Converted Electrical Motorcycle. 2013 World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS27) https://doi.org/10.1109/EVS.2013.6914813.
2022
  • Altintasi, O., and Yalcinkaya, S. (2022). Siting charging stations and identifying safe and convenient routes for environmentally sustainable e-scooter systems. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104020.
  • Bascones, K., Maio Méndez, T.E., and Yañez Siller, F.A. (2022). E-scooter accidents: A new epidemic. Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recot.2022.02.001.
  • Blazanin, G., Mondal, A., Asmussen, K.E., and Bhat, C.R. (2022). E-scooter sharing and bikesharing systems: An individual-level analysis of factors affecting first-use and use frequency. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2021.103515.
  • Brost, M., Ehrenberger, E., Dasgupta, I., Hahn, R., and Gebhardt, L. (2022). The Potential of Light Electric Vehicles for Climate Protection Through Substitution for Passenger Car Trips – Germany as a case study. German Aerospace Center (DLR) Prepared for LEVA-EU. https://www.dropbox.com/s/r0sbnfd88e49ip3/2022-03-15_LEV4Climate_DLR_report.pdf?dl=0.
  • Bodansky, D.M.S., Gach, M.W., Grant, M. et al. (2022). Legalisation of e-scooters in the UK: the injury rate and pattern is similar to those of bicycles in an inner city metropolitan area. Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2022.02.016.
  • Deveci, M., Gokasar, I., and Pamucar, D. et al. (2022). Safe E-scooter operation alternative prioritization using a q-rung orthopair Fuzzy Einstein based WASPAS approach. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131239.
  • Foissaud, N., Gioldasis, C., Tamura, S., Christoforou, Z., and Farhi, N. (2022). Free-floating e-scooter usage in urban areas: A spatiotemporal analysis. Journal of Transport Geography. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2022.103335.
  • Gebhardt, L., Ehrenberger, S., Wolf, C., and Cyganski, R. (2022). Can shared E-scooters reduce CO2 emissions by substituting car trips in Germany? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103328.
  • Heydari, S., Forrest, M., Preston, J. (2022). Investigating the association between neighbourhood characteristics and e-scooter safety. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.103982.
  • Javadinasr, M., Asgharpour, S., Rahimi, E., et al. (2022). Eliciting attitudinal factors affecting the continuance use of E-scooters: An empirical study in Chicago. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2022.03.019.
  • Kazemzadeh, K., and Sprei, F. (2022). Towards an electric scooter level of service: A review and framework. Travel Behaviour and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2022.06.005.
  • Leurent, F. (2022). What is the value of swappable batteries for a shared e-scooter service? Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100843.
  • Li, H., Yuan, Z., Novack, T., Huang, W., and Zipf, A. (2022). Understanding spatiotemporal trip purposes of urban micro-mobility from the lens of dockless e-scooter sharing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101848.
  • Li, A., Zhao, P., and Liu, X. et al. (2022). Comprehensive comparison of e-scooter sharing mobility: Evidence from 30 European cities. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103229.
  • Li, H., Yuan, Z., and Novack, T., et al. (2022). Understanding spatiotemporal trip purposes of urban micro-mobility from the lens of dockless e-scooter sharing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101848.
  • Liazos, A., Iliopoulou, C., Kepaptsoglou, K., and Bakogiannis, E. (2022). Geofence planning for electric scooters. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103149.
  • Ma, Q., Xin, Y., Yang, H., and Xie, K. (2022). Connecting metros with shared electric scooters: Comparisons with shared bikes and taxis. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103376.
  • Öztaş Karlı, R.G., Karlı, H., and Çelikyay, H.S. (2022). Investigating the acceptance of shared e-scooters: Empirical evidence from Turkey. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2022.03.018.
  • Tzouras, P.G., Mitropoulos, L., Stavropoulou, E. et al. (2022). Agent-based models for simulating e-scooter sharing services: A review and a qualitative assessment. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2022.02.001.
  • Useche, S.A., O’Hern, S., Gonzalez-Marin, A., et al. (2022). Unsafety on two wheels, or social prejudice? Proxying behavioral reports on bicycle and e-scooter riding safety – A mixed-methods study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2022.06.015.
  • Wang, K., Qian, X., Fitch, D.T. et al. (2022). What travel modes do shared e-scooters displace? A review of recent research findings. Transport Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2021.2015639.
  • Yang, H., Bao, Y., Huo, J., et al. (2022). Impact of road features on shared e-scooter trip volume: A study based on multiple membership multilevel model. Travel Behaviour and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2022.04.005.
  • Zhu, R., Kondor, D., and Cheng, C. et al. (2022). Solar photovoltaic generation for charging shared electric scooters. Applied Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2022.118728.
  • Zuniga-Garcia, N., Tec, M., Scott, J.G., and Machemehl, R.B. (2022). Evaluation of e-scooters as transit last-mile solution. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2022.103660.
2021
2020
  • Sanders, R. L., Branion-Calles, M., and Nelson, T. A. (2020). To scoot or not to scoot: Findings from a recent survey about the benefits and barriers of using E-scooters for riders and non-riders. Transportation Research Part A: policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2020.07.009.
  • Severengiz, S., Finke, S., Schelte, N., and Wendt, N. (2020). Life Cycle Assessment on the Mobility Service E-Scooter Sharing. 2020 IEEE European Technology and Engineering Management Summit. 10.1109/E-TEMS46250.2020.9111817.
2022
  • Aurora, F., Cove, G., Sandhu, P., Gormley, M., and Thomas, S. (2022). Oral and maxillofacial injuries from electric scooters in Bristol; a retrospective observational study. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2021.12.031.
  • Bascones, K., Maio Méndez, T.E., and Yañez Siller, F.A. (2022). E-scooter accidents: A new epidemic. Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recot.2022.02.001.
  • Bodansky, D.M.S., Gach, M.W., Grant, M. et al. (2022). Legalisation of e-scooters in the UK: the injury rate and pattern is similar to those of bicycles in an inner city metropolitan area. Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2022.02.016.
  • Chang, F. et al. (2022). Crash injury severity of E-Bike Riders: A random parameters generalized ordered probit model with heterogeneity in means. Safety Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105545.
  • Ferreira, S., Amorim, M., Lobo, A., Kern, M., Fanderl, N., and Couto, A. (2022). Travel mode preferences among German commuters over the course of COVID-19 pandemic. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.07.011.
  • Liu, Y., Wan, X., et al. (2022). A novel approach to investigate effects of front-end structures on injury response of e-bike riders: Combining Monte Carlo sampling, automatic operation, and data mining. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2022.106599.
  • Morgan, C., Morgan, R., Dela Cruz, V.N.J.M., Ng Man Sun, S., and Sarraf, K.M. (2022). Pediatric electric scooter injuries in the UK: Case series and review of literature. Traffic Injury Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2022.2084540.
  • Schneider, R., Masselot, P., Vicedo-Cabrera, A.M., Sera, F., Blangiardo, M. et al. (2022). Differential impact of government lockdown policies on reducing air pollution levels and related mortality in Europe. Scientific Reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-04277-6.
  • Van Cauwenberg, J., Schepers, P., Deforche, B., and de Geus, B. (2022). Effects of e-biking on older adults’ biking and walking frequencies, health, functionality and life space area: A prospective observational study. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2021.12.006.
2021
  • Aldred, R., Woodcock, J., and Goodman, A. (2021). Major investment in active travel in Outer London: Impacts on travel behaviour, physical activity, and health. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.100958.
  • Alessio, H., Reiman, T., Kemper, B., Von Carlowitz, W., Bailer, A. J., and Timmerman, K. L. (2021). Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses to a Simulated Commute on an E-Bike. Translational Journal of the ACSM. https://doi.org/10.1249/TJX.0000000000000155.
  • Kazemzadeh, K., and Koglin, T. (2021). Electric bike (non)users’ health and comfort concerns pre and peri a world pandemic (COVID-19): A qualitative study. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2021.101014.
  • Macharis, C., Tori, S., de Séjournet, A., Keseru, I., and Vanhaverbeke, L. (2021). Can the COVID-19 Crisis be a Catalyst for Transition to Sustainable Urban Mobility? Assessment of the Medium- and Longer-Term Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis on Mobility in Brussels. Frontiers in Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.3389/frsus.2021.725689.
  • Wild, K., Woodward, A., and Shaw, C. (2021). Gender and the E-bike: Exploring the Role of Electric Bikes in Increasing Women’s Access to Cycling and Physical Activity, Active Travel Studies. https://doi.org/10.16997/ats.991.
Earlier
  • Berntsen, S., Malnes, L., Langåker, A., and Bere, E. (2017). Physical activity when riding an electric assisted bicycle. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activityhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0513-z.
  • Boele-Vos, M. J., Commandeur, J. J. F., and Twisk, D. A. M. (2017). Effect of physical effort on mental workload of cyclists in real traffic in relation to age and use of pedelecs. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2016.11.025.
  • Bourne, J. E., Sauchelli, S., Perry, R., Page, A., Leary, S., England, C., and Cooper, R. A. (2018). Health benefits of electrically-assisted cycling: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-018-0751-8.
  • Castro, A., Gaupp-Berghausen, M., Dons, E., Standaert, A., et al. (2019). Physical activity of electric bicycle users compared to conventional bicycle users and non-cyclists: Insights based on health and transport data from an online survey in seven European cities. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2019.100017.
  • Hall, C., Hoj, T. H., Clark, J., Geoff, W., Chaney, R. A., Crookston, B., and West, J. (2019). Pedal-Assist Mountain Bikes: A Pilot Study Comparison of the Exercise Response, Perceptions, and Beliefs of Experienced Mountain Bikers. JMIR Formative Researchhttps://doi.org/10.2196/13643.
  • Höchsmann, C., Meister, S., Gehrig, D., et al. (2018). Effect of E-Bike Versus Bike Commuting on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Overweight Adults: A 4-Week Randomized Pilot Study. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0000000000000438.
  • Langford, B.C., Cherry, C., Bassett Jr, D., Fitzhugh, E., and Dhaka, N. (2017). Comparing physical activity of pedal-assist electric bikes with walking and conventional bicycles.  Journal of Transporthttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.06.002.
  • Stokols, D., Novaco, R. W., Stokols, J., and Campbell, J. (1978). Traffic congestion, Type A behavior, and stress. Journal of Applied Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.63.4.467.
  • Peterman, J.E., Morris, K.L., Kram, R., and Byrnes, C. W. (2016). Pedelecs as a physically active transportation mode. European Journal of Applied Physiologyhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3408-9.
  • Sundfør, H. B., and Fyhri, A. (2017). A push for public health: the effect of e-bikes on physical activity levels. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4817-3.
  • Twisk, D. A. M., Platteel, S., and Lovegrove, G. R. (2017). An experiment on rider stability while mounting: Comparing middle-aged and elderly cyclists on pedelecs and conventional bicycles.  Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.01.004.
  • Zhang, X., Yang, Y., Yang, J. et al. (2018). Road traffic injuries among riders of electric bike/electric moped in southern China. Traffic Injury Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1423681.
2021
2020
  • Tsakalidis, A., Krause, J., Julea, A., Peduzzi, E., Pisoni, E., and Thiel, C. (2020). Electric light commercial vehicles: Are they the sleeping giant of electromobility? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102421.
Earlier
  • Huang, F.H. (2019). Understanding user acceptance of battery swapping service of sustainable transport: An empirical study of a battery swap station for electric scooters, Taiwan. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1547464.
  • Oliveira, C. M., Bandeira, R. A., Goes, G. V., Goncalves, D. N. S., and D’Agosto, M. (2017). Sustainable Vehicles-Based Alternatives in Last Mile Distribution of Urban Freight Transport: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9081324.
  • Ploos van Amstel, W., Balm, S., Warmerdam, J., Boerema, M., et al. (2018). City logistics: Light and electric: LEFV-logic: research on light electric freight vehicles. Faculty of Technology: Vol. 13. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences. https://www.dropbox.com/s/jtynb22ir25ygj9/lefv-logic.english.pdf?dl=0 .
2022
  • Murugan, M. and Marisamynathan, S. (2022). Mode shift behaviour and user willingness to adopt the electric two-wheeler: A study based on Indian road user preferences. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2022.03.008.
2021
Earlier
  • Arsenio, E., Dias, J. V., Lopes, S. A., and Pereira, H. I. (2018). Assessing the market potential of electric bicycles and ICT for low carbon school travel: a case study in the Smart City of ÁGUEDA. European Transport Research Review. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12544-017-0279-z.
2022
  • Adjei, F., Cimador, T., Severengiz, S. (2022). Electrically powered micro mobility vehicles in Ghana: transition process with a focus on social acceptance. Procedia CIRP. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2022.02.127.
  • Altintasi, O., and Yalcinkaya, S. (2022). Siting charging stations and identifying safe and convenient routes for environmentally sustainable e-scooter systems. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104020.
  • Chicco, A. and Diana, M. (2022). Understanding micro-mobility usage patterns: a preliminary comparison between dockless bike sharing and e-scooters in the city of Turin (Italy). Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2022.02.057.
  • Ignaccolo, M., Inturri, G., Cocuzza, E. et al. (2022). Developing micromobility in urban areas: network planning criteria for e-scooters and electric micromobility devices. Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2021.12.058.
  • Jiao, J., Lee, H.K., and Choi, S.J. (2022). Impacts of COVID-19 on bike-sharing usages in Seoul, South Korea. Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2022.103849.
  • Li, H., Yuan, Z., Novack, T., Huang, W., and Zipf, A. (2022). Understanding spatiotemporal trip purposes of urban micro-mobility from the lens of dockless e-scooter sharing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101848.
  • Liu, H-C., Lin, J-J. (2022). Associations of built environments with spatiotemporal patterns of shared scooter use: A comparison with shared bike use. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.07.012.
  • Medina-Molina, C., Pérez-Macías, N., and Gismera-Tierno, L. (2022). The multi-level perspective and micromobility services. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2022.100183.
  • Reck, J. D., Martin, H., and Axhausen, K. W. (2022). Mode choice, substitution patterns and environmental impacts of shared and personal micro-mobility. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103134.
  • Sun, S. and Ertz, M. (2022). Can shared micromobility programs reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Evidence from urban transportation big data. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104045.
  • Torabi, K., Araghi, Y., van Oort, N., and Hoogendoorn, S. (2022). Passengers preferences for using emerging modes as first/last mile transport to and from a multimodal hub case study Delft Campus railway station. Case Studies on Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2021.12.011.
2021
2020
2022
  • Alyavina, E., Nikitas, A., and Njoya, E.T. (2022). Mobility as a service (MaaS): A thematic map of challenges and opportunities. Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100783.
  • Labee, P., Rasouli, S., and Liao, F. (2022). The implications of Mobility as a Service for urban emissions. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103128.
  • Lindkvist, H., and Melander, L. (2022). How sustainable are urban transport services? A comparison of MaaS and UCC. Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100829.
  • Smith, G., Sochor, J., and Karlsson, I.C.M. (2022). Adopting Mobility-as-a-Service: An empirical analysis of end-users’ experiences. Travel Behaviour and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2022.04.001.
2021
  • Arias-Molinares, D., Julio, R., García-Palomares, J.C., and Gutiérrez, J. (2021). Exploring micromobility services: Characteristics of station-based bike-sharing users and their relationship with dockless services. Journal of Urban Mobility. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urbmob.2021.100010.
  • Hensher, D. A., Mulley, C., and Nelson, J. D. (2021). Mobility as a service (MaaS) – Going somewhere or nowhere? Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.07.021.
2020
  • Kennisinstituut voor Mobiliteitsbeleid. (2020). Kansrijke verplaatsingen met Mobility-as-a-Service. ISBN/EAN: 978-90-8902-240-0.
  • Zhao, X., Vaddadi, B., Sjöman, M., Hesselgren, M., & Pernestal, A. (2020). Key barriers in MaaS development and implementation: Lessons learned from testing Corporate MaaS (CMaaS). Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspective. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2020.100227.
  • Zijlstra, T., Durand, A., Hoogendoorn-Lanser, S., & Harms, L. (2020). Early adopters of Mobility-as-a-Service in the Netherlands. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.07.019.
  • Active Travel Academy: brings together a broad spectrum of expertise to lead research with a focus on walking and cycling, use of other ‘micromobilities’ from e-scooters to electric hand cycles; and reduction in car use
  • FERSI: The Forum of European Road Safety Research Institutes
  • HVA: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Faculty of Technology
  • KU Leuven: ELECTA, this research division covers the broad spectrum of electrical energy systems and robust control of industrial systems
  • LEVER: The Light Electric Vehicle Education and Research (LEVER) Initiative
  • VUB Brussels: MOBI, the mobility, logistics and automotive technology research centre 
2022
  • Deveci, M., Gokasar, I., and Pamucar, D. et al. (2022). Safe E-scooter operation alternative prioritization using a q-rung orthopair Fuzzy Einstein based WASPAS approach. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.131239.
  • Gitelman, v., Korchatov, A., and Carmel, R. (2022). Safety-related behaviours of e-cyclists on urban streets: an observational study in Israel. Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2021.12.079.
  • Heydari, S., Forrest, M., Preston, J. (2022). Investigating the association between neighbourhood characteristics and e-scooter safety. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.103982.
  • Huang, F.H. (2022). Exploring the factors influencing e-bike road safety: A survey study based on the experiences of Taiwanese cyclists. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2022.103292.
  • International Transport Forum. (2022). Streets that fit: Re-allocating space for better cities. https://www.itf-oecd.org/sites/default/files/docs/streets-fit-allocating-space-better-cities.pdf.
  • Liazos, A. et al. (2022). Geofence planning for electric scooters. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103149.
  • Liu, Y., Wan, X., Xu, W., et al. (2022). An intelligent method for accident reconstruction involving car and e-bike coupling automatic simulation and multi-objective optimizations. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2021.106476.
  • Liu, Y., Wan, X., et al. (2022). A novel approach to investigate effects of front-end structures on injury response of e-bike riders: Combining Monte Carlo sampling, automatic operation, and data mining. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2022.106599.
  • Sun, S. and Xia, Y. (2022). The need for wider non-motor lanes: A study on the bicycle electrification process in China. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2022.101374.
  • Useche, S.A., O’Hern, S., Gonzalez-Marin, A., et al. (2022). Unsafety on two wheels, or social prejudice? Proxying behavioral reports on bicycle and e-scooter riding safety – A mixed-methods study. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2022.06.015.
  • Zhang, F., Ji, Y., Lv, H., et al. (2022). Self-reported anger among ordinary and delivery electric bike riders in China: A comparison based on the cycling anger scale. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2022.06.002.
2021
Earlier
  • Hertach, P., Uhr, A., Niemann, S., and Cavegn, M. (2018). Characteristics of single-vehicle crashes with e-bikes in Switzerland. Accident Analysis & Preventionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.04.021.
2022
  • Herteleer, B., Van den Steen, N., Vanhaverbeke, L., and Cappelle, J. (2022). Analysis of initial speed pedelec usage for commuting purposes in Flanders. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trip.2022.100589.
2021
  • Stelling, A., Vlakveld, W., and Twisk, D. (2021). Influencing factors of observed speed and rule compliance of speed-pedelec riders in high volume cycling areas: Implications for safety and legislation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2021.106239.
  • Twisk, D., Stelling, A., Van Gent, P., De Groot, J., and Vlakveld, W. (2021). Speed characteristics of speed pedelecs, pedelecs and conventional bicycles in naturalistic urban and rural traffic conditions. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105940.
  • Vlakveld, W., Mons, C., Kamphuis, K., Stelling, A., and Twisk, D. (2021). Traffic conflicts involving speed-pedelecs (fast electric bicycles): A naturalistic riding study. Accident Analysis & Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2021.106201.
Earlier
2022
2021
2020
Earlier
  • Hanna, P., Kantenbacher, J., Cohen, S., and Gössling, S. (2018). Role model advocacy for sustainable transport. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2017.07.028.
  • NatCen Social Research. (2020). Impact of interventions encouraging a switch from cars to more sustainable modes of transport. A rapid evidence assessment. Gov.UK.
  • Wang, W., Bengler, K., and Jiang, X. (Eds.). (2018). Green Intelligent Transportation Systems. Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3551-7.
  • Zuev, D. (2018). Urban Mobility in Modern China: the growth of the E-bike. Palgrave Macmillan, Chamhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76590-7.
2022
  • Boglietti, S., Ghirardi, T., Zanoni, C.T. et al. (2022). First experimental comparison between e-kick scooters and e-bike’s vibrational dynamics. Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2022.02.092.
  • Lin, M., Liu, P., Kuo, J., and Lin, Y. (2022). A multiobjective stochastic location-allocation model for scooter battery swapping stations. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2022.102079.
  • Mehra, A., Singh, R., Chauhan, A.S. et al. (2022). Design and analysis of an electric bike chassis. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.02.247.
  • Tang, Y., Zhang, Q., Wen, Z., Bunn D., and Martin, J.N. (2022). Optimal analysis for facility configuration and energy management on electric light commercial vehicle charging. Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.123363.
  • Windisch-Kern, S., Gerold, E., Nigl, T. et al. (2022). Recycling chains for lithium-ion batteries: A critical examination of current challenges, opportunities and process dependencies. Waste Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2021.11.038.
  • Xu, M., Di, Y., Zhu, Z., Yang, H., and Chen, X. (2022). Designing van-based mobile battery swapping and rebalancing services for dockless ebike-sharing systems based on the dueling double deep Q-network. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2022.103620.
2021
Earlier
  • Rodriquez-Rosa, D., Payo-Gutierrez, I., Castillo-Garcia, Gonzalez-Rodriquez, A., and Perez-Juarez, S. (2017). Improving Energy Efficiency of an Autonomous Bicycle with Adaptive Controller Design. Sustainability.  https://doi.org/10.3390/su9050866.
  • Rotthier, B., Stevens G., Dikomitis L., Huyck B., Motoasca E., and Cappelle J. (2017). Typical cruising speed of speed pedelecs and the link with motor power as a result of a Belgian naturalistic cycling study. (Paper No. 12). Presented at the International Cycling Safety Conference, Davis, USA, 20-Sep 2017 / 23-Sep 2017.
2022
  • Brost, M., Ehrenberger, E., Dasgupta, I., Hahn, R., and Gebhardt, L. (2022). The Potential of Light Electric Vehicles for Climate Protection Through Substitution for Passenger Car Trips – Germany as a case study. German Aerospace Center (DLR) Prepared for LEVA-EU. https://www.dropbox.com/s/r0sbnfd88e49ip3/2022-03-15_LEV4Climate_DLR_report.pdf?dl=0.
  • Chicco, A. and Diana, M. (2022). Understanding micro-mobility usage patterns: a preliminary comparison between dockless bike sharing and e-scooters in the city of Turin (Italy). Transportation Research Procedia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2022.02.057.
  • Coretti Sanchez, N., Martinez, I., Alonso Pastor, L., and Larson, K. (2022). On the performance of shared autonomous bicycles: A simulation study. Communications in Transportation Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commtr.2022.100066.
  • Fan, Z., and Harper, C.D. (2022). Congestion and environmental impacts of short car trip replacement with micromobility modes. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103173.
  • Gebhardt, L., Ehrenberger, S., Wolf, C., and Cyganski, R. (2022). Can shared E-scooters reduce CO2 emissions by substituting car trips in Germany? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103328.
  • Jiageng, N., Lanlan, Z., and Xianghong, L. (2022). A study on the trip behavior of shared bicycles and shared electric bikes in Chinese universities based on NL model – Henan Polytechnic University as an example. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2022.127855.
  • Jiao, J., Lee, H.K., and Choi, S.J. (2022). Impacts of COVID-19 on bike-sharing usages in Seoul, South Korea. Cities. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2022.103849.
  • Krauss, K., Krail, M. and Axhausen, K. W. (2022). What drives the utility of shared transport services for urban travellers? A stated preference survey in German cities. Travel behaviour and society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tbs.2021.09.010.
  • Leurent, F. (2022). What is the value of swappable batteries for a shared e-scooter service? Research in Transportation Business & Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2022.100843.
  • Li, A., Zhao, P., and Liu, X. et al. (2022). Comprehensive comparison of e-scooter sharing mobility: Evidence from 30 European cities. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103229.
  • Liu, H-C., Lin, J-J. (2022). Associations of built environments with spatiotemporal patterns of shared scooter use: A comparison with shared bike use. Transport Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2022.07.012.
  • Li, H., Yuan, Z., and Novack, T., et al. (2022). Understanding spatiotemporal trip purposes of urban micro-mobility from the lens of dockless e-scooter sharing. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2022.101848.
  • Ma, Q., Xin, Y., Yang, H., and Xie, K. (2022). Connecting metros with shared electric scooters: Comparisons with shared bikes and taxis. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2022.103376.
  • Martin, R., and Xu, Y. (2022). Is tech-enhanced bikeshare a substitute or complement for public transit? Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2021.11.007.
  • Shao, Q., Zhang, W., Cao, X., and Yang J. (2022). Nonlinear and interaction effects of land use and motorcycles/E-bikes on car ownership. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2021.103115.
  • Sun, S. and Ertz, M. (2022). Can shared micromobility programs reduce greenhouse gas emissions: Evidence from urban transportation big data. Sustainable Cities and Society. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2022.104045.
  • Tzouras, P.G., Mitropoulos, L., Stavropoulou, E. et al. (2022). Agent-based models for simulating e-scooter sharing services: A review and a qualitative assessment. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtst.2022.02.001.
  • Xu, M., Di, Y., Zhu, Z., Yang, H., and Chen, X. (2022). Designing van-based mobile battery swapping and rebalancing services for dockless ebike-sharing systems based on the dueling double deep Q-network. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2022.103620.
  • Yang, X., Xu, Y., Zhou, Y., Song, S., and Wu, Y. (2022). Demand-aware mobile bike-sharing service using collaborative computing and information fusion in 5G IoT environment. Digital Communications and Networks. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcan.2022.06.004.
  • Zhou, X., Ji, Y., Yuan, Y., Zhang, F., and An, Q. (2022). Spatiotemporal characteristics analysis of commuting by shared electric bike: A case study of Ningbo, China. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.132337.
2021
2020
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