Tag Archive: LEVA-EU Member

  1. CityQ Joins eSync Alliance

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    Source: eSync

    LEVA-EU member and automotive innovator CityQ becomes one of the latest eSync Alliance members, allowing it to provide OTA updates and diagnostics for the first time

    On May 10, 2023, the eSync Alliance, a global automotive initiative for the standardization of over-the-air (OTA) updates and diagnostics, welcomed LEVA-EU member CityQ and Luxoft as new association members. The pair join a rapidly growing network of automakers, Tier-1 suppliers and digital software companies already enjoying the benefit of the eSync bi-directional data pipeline.  

    CityQ’s range of four-wheeled e-bikes aim to maximize comfort, capacity, efficiency, and safety by providing users with an attractive alternative to a car for urban personal transport. Manufactured in Germany, the bikes can travel at speeds of up to 25km/h and can be fitted with a modular storage compartment for last-mile logistics and deliveries.

    An example of CityQ’s four-wheeled electric bike

    Mike Gardner, Executive Director of the eSync Alliance, said: “The eSync Alliance is growing rapidly and the addition of CityQ and Luxoft – two companies working in diverse and important areas of the automotive sector – demonstrate how important a standardized OTA specification is to the industry’s future. We’re confident that both businesses will prove to be valuable partners and we look forward to their unique perspectives contributing to a stronger standard in the months to come.” 

    Morten Rynning, CEO at CityQ, said, “Working with the eSync Alliance will enable CityQ to add connectivity for OTA, and to remotely diagnose and upgrade the vehicles. As well as improving the service we can offer to CityQ owners, this will be particularly useful for fleet management, one of our major markets.” 

    Proven in millions of vehicles globally, eSync is a robust, repeatable solution for OTA deployment. The only universal bi-directional pipeline, eSync is currently used by more than 30 OEMs and Tier-1s, helping to simplify the development process and speed up the transition to SDVs. 

    About CityQ 

    CityQ is the first vehicle platform for city pods and 4-wheel e-bikes, with doors and full weather protection, as well as a cargo bed for luggage and rear seats for 2 children. The e-bikes feature connectivity and pedal by wire instead of mechanical chain or gears. CityQ is the new e-bike with car capabilities, making the shift from car to bicycling easier. See CityQ

    About the eSync™ Alliance
    The eSync™ Alliance is a non-profit trade association driving a multi-company solution for Over-the-Air (OTA) updates and diagnostics data in the automotive electronics space, potentially saving billions of dollars per year for automakers. By working together in the Alliance, companies benefit from a simplified development environment made possible by a standardized yet customizable platform. The Alliance is based around the eSync platform of cloud and embedded components, providing a secure data pipeline to devices within a vehicle. Further information is at https://www.esyncalliance.org/ 

  2. European production line for Lacros

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    Source: NieuwsFiets.com May, 2023

    Lacros has been on the market since 2009 and has since become a core brand in compact electric bicycles. In 2021, the manufacturer moved to a self-developed business premises in Schijndel in Brabant, where consumers come from far and wide for a test drive, service, advice or to buy one of the models from the collection.

    The market for compact electric bicycles is a niche market, but Lacros feels comfortable with it, because the numbers have increased enormously in recent years.

    Compact e-bikes may be smaller in size, but often big on performance and benefits. They are ideal for use in the so-called ‘last mile’ and handy in public transport, camper, boat or caravan, but the electric folding bicycles from Lacros are also extremely suitable for daily use and for longer distances. Thanks to their versatility and ease of use, these bicycles contribute to sustainable mobility.

    Lacros is sold directly to consumers, but also works with more than 60 dealers in the Netherlands, further increasing availability and service level. In addition to the Netherlands, Lacros also has dealers (bicycle shops and caravan companies) in Belgium, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom. The brand also provides a home service, and Lacros has five service buses driving around in the Netherlands and Belgium for this purpose. Lacros bicycles find their way to users all over Europe, from Finland to Greece and from Germany to Ireland. “Our customers say it’s great that any problems are resolved quickly. For example, if a spoke is broken on holiday, we will send a new one. We sometimes do that with loaner batteries,” says marketing manager Jesse Smits. “That is a form of service that you do not encounter everywhere. After-sales is simply very important, also because our bicycles are not only used on holidays, but also very often daily for commuting. Then people just have to be helped quickly, if necessary. We can also offer them a loaner bike.”

    In terms of production, Lacros no longer works in Asia, but from its own production facility in Europe. According to Smits, they do this on the basis of high quality standards. Having their own production facility ensures that they have 100% control over all steps of the production process. In addition to the large showroom in Schijndel, the workshop is also located there, where all bicycles are assembled and adjusted. Maintenance and any repairs are also carried out here. The end user can configure his or her ordered bicycle to a certain extent, in order to tailor it to their user wishes. Permanent Dutch mechanics in Schijndel ensure that the bicycles are assembled as ordered by the customer. “We have everything in-house here. We carry out repairs here ourselves and we have everything in stock,” continues Smits. “That was of course a bit less at the beginning of corona, for example with the tires or gear systems, but now everything is back in order.”

    The main target group on which Lacros focuses are recreational users, aged 40 and over, who travel with a camper or boat. But also people who use a compact e-bike for commuting. Lacros distinguishes itself from other brands by being priced in the middle segment. According to Smits, the collection with a Bafang or Motinova mid-engine is valued for its powerful driving performance, and also in hilly areas abroad. “Our compact bikes ride like a big bike with 28” wheels. Partly for this reason, our top model, the S 600 XL, also won at Fietstest.nl. It is very comfortable and for an electric folding bike also a bit bigger with 24” wheels,” says Smits. “We also use larger batteries on our bicycles. A battery of 720 Wh is certainly quite large for an electric folding bike, but we also go for comfort. We equip our models with suspension, a curved handlebar, wide gearing and a wide saddle. That translates into the handling of, as I said, a big bike. And that is appreciated by the customer, because the bike is also suitable for longer distances. In any case, the battery can handle it easily,” says Smits. “Moreover, we can also provide tailor-made solutions, for taller or shorter people. We have also supplied bicycles to people with disabilities, for whom we have ordered and fitted specific parts to keep them safe on the road.”

  3. Batterty swapping company Swobbee raises further 2 million Euro of investment

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    Berlin-based Swobbee, a leading provider of rental batteries and battery swapping stations for urban mobility, has raised another 2 million Euro in an extended Series A round. Polish fund SpeedUp Energy Innovation and Dutch Stichting Clean Future Dividend Fund joined the group of earlier investors. The company will use the raised capital to intensify its efforts to scale the solution in additional European and non- European markets.

    Founded in 2017 as GreenPack and pivoted to Swobbee in 2020, the climate tech startup developed a solution based on integrated hardware and software to offer battery swapping stations for electric vehicles. Thus reducing the barrier of adoption of innovations from the electric mobility sector by building charging infrastructure. The company aims at increasing the profitability of most of the shared micromobility players by leveraging the usability of light electric vehicles, resulting in the reduction of the vehicle’s downtime due to the need to charge the batteries.

    The company’s battery swapping infrastructure takes the responsibility for the physical process of recharging batteries off the hands of light electric vehicle owners or suppliers operating under the so-called last-mile delivery model. Each of our stations is equipped with 8 to 30 battery slots. We currently offer charging infrastructure for 8 (soon 10) types of batteries, which, in Europe, allows us to be compatible with about 70% of current light electric vehicles, or so-called LEVs, used by players in the shared micromobility as well as last-mile-delivery sectors. – describes the solution to Thomas Duscha, CEO and co-founder of Swobbee. Using our device, the owner or manager of the vehicle swaps an empty battery with a full one in a few minutes and can continue using the vehicle, without unnecessary downtime. – Duscha adds.

    Co-founder & CEO Thomas Duscha built his business experience working for brands such as Lidl, Adidas, and the Azoty Group, as well as creating the GreenPack project, which laid the foundation for today’s Swobbee. Stephan von Wolff (COO) and Ludwig Speidel (CFO) complement the executive positions with their profound expertise in the hardware-industry and finance.

    A key part of Swobbee’s product is the software installed in the charging stations and the application that enables smooth and efficient use of the stations. The software, created from

    scratch by the company’s team, is an end-to-end solution, meaning that it controls the entire battery charging and management process within the station.

    With its activities, the company supports the fight against pollution, which is in line with the regulatory objectives indicated by EU bodies. With an infrastructure that supports urban electric vehicles, offering easy access and extending the possible range of routes taken by users, Swobbee allows operators of fleets of light electric vehicles, such as bicycles and scooters, to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 87%.

    The company operates in the urban micromobility market, whose global market potential, according to a McKinsey report, is estimated at around €500 billion in 2030. Swobbee’s product is already used by companies such as Tier, Onomotion, Bolt, and Galp. The urban micromobility market is estimated to grow at a CAGR rate of about 17.5% over the next seven years. Of which the largest segment of this market, as much as 73%, involves electric- powered devices.

    Our cities are polluted and overcrowded. It is impossible to fit more cars on streets that were sometimes built hundreds of years ago. That’s why it’s so important to make the use of LEVs economically viable and useful at the same time – comments Bartłomiej Gola, General Partner of SpeedUp Energy Innovation which is part of SpeedUp Group. When the micromobility trend began, technology was not ready for the use of replaceable batteries in LEVs, which significantly minimize vehicle downtime, thereby improving their unit economics. Swobbee, in our opinion, is likely to become one of the key beneficiaries of technological advances in this area. What’s more, we predict that the use of micromobility devices will amount to up to 15% of all short-distance trips, with a range of up to 8 kilometers. This is just one of the market figures that leads us to believe in the enormous potential facing the Swobbee team. – Gola adds.

    “We are thrilled to invest in Swobbee, which is at the forefront of sustainable micro-mobility solutions,” said Dagmar Parizkova, Director of Clean Future Dividend Fund foundation (stichting). “Swobbee’s battery-as-a-service and charging-as-a-service model is not only environmentally friendly but also highly practical, enabling seamless mobility through their industry-leading software and hardware. Having spent many years in the energy storage space, Clean Future Dividend Fund is equipped to assist Swobbee in all facets of its business.” We are proud to co-invest alongside EIT InnoEnergy, one of the largest investors of sustainable energy, to support this exciting sector.”

    “Having spent many hours engaging with the management team of Swobbee, we are confident that their leadership will guide them to success,” noted Devin Sebok from Richfox Capital, fund manager of Clean Future Dividend Fund. “With the boom in the e-mobility sector, companies like Swobbee that are providing the much-needed infrastructure will allow the EU to hit their zero-emission goals.”

    The SpeedUp Energy Innovation Fund and Stichting Clean Future Dividend Fund have joined an extended Round A, in which the company was previously backed by EIT InnoEnergy among other investors. The team plans to use the funds raised to further develop its platform and, most importantly, to expand its network of stations in Germany and other countries. In particular, Swobbee’s expansion plans outside Germany envisage entering Eastern European and Southeast Asian markets in the upcoming months and years. So far, Swobbee is already operating stations in Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, Spain, and Portugal.

    About Swobbee

    As a provider of rental batteries and battery swapping stations, Swobbee offers the world’s first manufacturer-independent battery swapping system. The Berlin-based climate-tech company supports micromobility companies in implementing efficient, safe, and sustainable

    charging operations. Swobbee has set itself the task to build a network of battery-swapping stations with the goal to have a positive impact on the energy and mobility transition.

    Network effects like cost savings and increased safety are created by reducing the distance one needs to drive to swap batteries and by monitoring all charging processes and batteries. This enables risk-free and cost-optimised operations for diverse electric micromobility applications, such as cargo bikes, scooters, kickscooters, and mopeds.

    For more information, visit https://swobbee.de/

    About SpeedUp

    SpeedUp Venture Capital Group is a leading group of venture capital funds, investing in enterprises in an early stage of development (seed – Series A). Areas of their interest include enterprises and entrepreneurs in Central and Eastern Europe, who want to conquer the global market by utilizing their self-developed solutions. Cooperation with companies is based on a 3-8 year investment horizon. SpeedUp Group looking for innovations from areas such as: consumer internet, electromobility, EnergyTech, MarTech, Sustainability, MedTech, IoT and hardware.

    For more information, visit www.speedupgroup.com

    About CFDF

    The Clean Future Dividend Fund (CFDF) was founded in February 2020. CFDF is investing in both promising and already established renewable energy, energy storage, and battery technology projects and companies with the ultimate goal of delivering an outperforming return to its investors and promoting the use of renewable and cleaner energy sources and energy storage technologies throughout the world. The fund manager is Richfox Capital Investment Management B.V.

    For more information, visit www.cfdf.eu

  4. SKF joins forces with CAKE and Vattenfall to create the Cleanest Dirt Bike Ever

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    CAKE and Vattenfall’s Cleanest Dirt Bike Ever project, aiming to inspire fossil free production in the industry, has gained a new partner. SKF has signed a letter of intent with CAKE to explore how it can incorporate bearings produced with lowest possible carbon emissions.

    CAKE and Vattenfall have committed to producing the Cleanest Dirt Bike Ever by removing carbon emissions from every part of the electric CAKE Kalk OR bike’s value chain by 2025, without resorting to carbon offsetting. The goal of the initiative is to inspire the automotive industry to adopt fossil free production methods through innovative partnerships.

    Recently, the market leading manufacturer of suspension products Öhlins Racing, joined the project and has officially initiated its own process to decarbonize its production chain, bringing their carbon emissions to a minimum. Today, CAKE and Vattenfall are announcing the next partner of the project. SKF, one of the world’s largest bearing manufacturers, is joining forces with CAKE to explore how to develop and incorporate bearings produced with lowest possible emissions.

    “When Vattenfall and CAKE embarked on this journey, we knew that we were facing a challenge and were determined to build the Cleanest Dirt Bike Ever – from the materials used in its production to assembled bike. One and a half year down the road, we have inspired industry giants to come along with us and push their limits when it comes to decarbonization of production, making an impact lasting beyond the dirt bike. This is what the project is about – creating a fossil free mindset in every part of the production phase – and that is why we are happy to announce that SKF, one of the world’s largest and most advanced bearing manufacturers, is now joining in” says Stefan Ytterborn, CEO of CAKE.

    SKF will use their extensive expertise to explore electrification in the value chain and how low-emission bearings can be implemented in key areas of the bike, such as the steering, wheels, frame, and e-motor. SKF experts will also work with CAKE to look at ways to further reduce emissions as part of the project.

    “SKF and CAKE share a common heritage and sustainability ambition. Our experience as a leader in the two-wheeler market, coupled with our knowledge and expertise in sustainability and producing bearings, means that we can make a tangible contribution towards realising CAKE and Vattenfall’s vision of a clean dirt bike. We are proud to join like-minded industry colleagues who share the determination that change is urgently needed for a sustainable future. Leveraging our combined expertise, we can trigger and accelerate the creation of products that contributes to this industry transformation” says David Johansson, President Automotive, at SKF.

    The Cleanest Dirt Bike Ever

    One bike built to change how all vehicles are made.

    The automotive industry has a huge responsibility to lead the way to a fossil free society. That goes much further than how vehicles are powered. It means removing carbon emissions from entire production chains. CAKE and Vattenfall teamed up to lead the way, aiming to produce the first truly fossil free vehicle by 2025, decarbonizing every link in the production chain for the CAKE Kalk OR bike. Our mission is to inspire industry and policy makers to act, so we’ll share our breakthroughs, setbacks and methodology along the way. Because going fossil free ourselves is great, but inspiring others to do it is even better.

    About SKF

    SKF is a world-leading provider of innovative solutions that help industries become more competitive and sustainable. By making products lighter, more efficient, longer lasting, and repairable, we help our customers improve their rotating equipment performance and reduce their environmental impact. Our offering around the rotating shaft includes bearings, seals, lubrication management, condition monitoring, and services. Founded in 1907, SKF is represented in approximately 129 countries and has around 17,000 distributor locations worldwide. Annual sales in 2022 were SEK 96,933 million and the number of employees was 42,641.

  5. E-bike manufacturer QWIC opens brand new Experience center in Amsterdam North

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    The QWIC Experience center is open once more. Since the beginning of this year, QWIC has moved into a brand new building in Amsterdam North. After the move from Amstelveen and the construction of the new location, the doors of the Experience center are now open to consumers.

    The new Experience center has an area of over 500m2. Consumers can view the entire QWIC collection there and enjoy test rides on all available models. In addition, QWIC’s e-bike experts are ready to inform visitors about the technical aspects of e-bikes.

    Visit by appointment

    Visitors to the QWIC Experience center can take advantage of extensive tailor-made advice. In order to help customers in the best possible way and for them to enjoy focused attention, it is possible to reserve a time slot for the visit. This can be done via the QWIC website: https://qwic.nl/qwic-showroom/.

    Location & opening times

    Disketteweg 53, 1033 NW Amsterdam
    Open from Wednesday to Friday from 09:30 to 17:00 (excluding public holidays).


    There are plenty of free parking spaces next to the building, and electric charging stations are also available. Of course there is also ample parking for bicycles.

    Experience center to support QWIC dealers

    It is not possible to purchase an e-bike in the QWIC Experience center. QWIC e-bikes are sold through a network of 750 QWIC sales outlets. This means that there is always a QWIC dealer nearby who can provide service if necessary.


    In addition to a convenient location, good accessibility and sufficient space, sustainability was an important aspect for QWIC in choosing the right location. The new location is an energy-efficient and sustainable building, with solar panels and constructed using circular materials.

    About QWIC

    QWIC is a fast-growing manufacturer of premium design e-bikes. The producer is active in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. QWIC’s ambition is to reduce current mobility problems and environmental pollution by developing innovative electric bicycles. With a modern design and the use of the best components, QWIC takes its electric bicycles to a higher level every year. This is proven by the many e-bike awards that QWIC has recently won, such as the AD Bike Test 2021, the ElektroRad Test 2022 and internationally recognised design awards like the German Design Award 2022.

  6. California’s unique Super73 off-roaders

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    Source: Clean Rider, S. Benhammouda

    The Super73 electric collection continues to expand with the announcement of the Adventure Series, featuring three new, innovative off-road models.

    The e-bike manufacturer boasts a style that is somewhat unique to others in the sector and has announced exploration into the off-road division. Super73 have launched the new range based upon their three bike categories, namely the R-Series, S-Series and Z-Series. The new designs feature different components and working parts, including GRZLY tires on 20-inch wheels that sets them apart from other brands.

    Range is an all-important topic, and has been one of the stumbling blocks for the sector. However, Super73 have addressed this. The Z Adventure Series can reach between 56 and 80 km on a single charge of the 615 Wh battery, dependent upon the rider’s use, of course. Equipped with a 750W rear motor, the entry-level model offers speeds of 45 km/h along the flat and 32km/h in a climb.

    Next on the Super 73 agenda is the S Adventure Series with its larger 960 Wh battery. Although weighing an extra 3kg, the range is significantly increased to 120km. The choice R Adventure Series matches the dynamics of the S, and also comes with an adjustable suspension system to cater for alternative off-road terrains.

    Z prices start at €3,599, increasing to €4,399 for the S Adventure Series and €5,399 for the top-of-the-range R model.

    It is important to note that due to the performance and power statistics of the Super73 e-bikes, registration, insurance and helmet safety propels the series to adhere to speed-pedelec e-bike regulations, leaving being the more subdued e-bike regulations.

  7. Marc Burkhardt joins QWIC as Sales Representative Germany

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    E-bike manufacturer and LEVA-EU member QWIC is excited to announce the addition of a new team member, Marc Burkhardt. As of April 3rd, Marc starts as the new Sales Representative for the Western part of Germany

    Marc is a highly experienced sales professional with over 30 years of sales experience, including over 20 years of experience in the specialist retail sector in the mobile phone industry. With his track record, he brings a wealth of experience to the QWIC team.

    Marc Burkhardt:I am excited to join the QWIC family and promote the brand’s e-bikes to existing and new dealers. QWIC is an exciting and innovative company, and I am looking forward to working with my new colleagues to drive the growth of the brand.”

    His focus will be on continuing the good cooperation with the existing dealers and also expanding the dealer network, and on securing and expanding the brand positioning in his sales territory.

    More vacancies available
    QWIC is constantly looking for enthusiasts who want to contribute to the growth of QWIC. Do you want to be part of QWIC’s success? Check out all vacancies here.

  8. CARLA CARGO’s maturing range

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    LEVA-EU member CARLA CARGO has made some recent upgrades to the range and continues to showcase the very best in sustainable cargo transportation. If you are looking to transport cargo of up to 200kg, the CARLA trailer can help by way of easy manoeuvrability and connection capacities with most bicycles. What’s more, two e-assist models are offered alongside the traditional versions, meaning even more challenges can be tackled.

    Carla Comp:
    Mechanical brake / B&M lighting system
    Price: 2.836,36 € net

    Carla Pro:
    Hydraulic brake / SON lighting system
    Price: 3.100,84 € net

    e-Carla Comp
    Mechanical brake / B&M lighting system
    Price: 3.936,97 € net

    e-Carla Pro
    Hydraulic brake / ILU – Curana C-Lite
    Price: 4.109,24 € net

    A recent partnership with Samagaga means robust die-cast aluminium wheels are available for new CARLA Pro and eCARLA Pro models, at a surcharge of 420,17 € net on the basic CARLA Pro versions. Upgrades to existing sCARLA models can also be made for 546,22 € net.

    For safety and security solutions, CARLA has buddied up with Zack Zarges. The verified Zarges trailer box is one that protects vital goods and provides outstanding load capacity, and is highly recommended. Just ask Carla Cargo’s Netherlands-based partner Cycloon – they use 100s! Sustainable deliveries are high on the agenda and all at the price of 1.672,00 € net.

    More information, support and technical reading can be found on the CARLA website.

    CARLA are also delighted to announce a partnership with JobRad. This permits all self-employed people to lease CARLA CARGO products via JobRad for self-employed people. You can also insure CARLA CARGO products via a bicycle insurance policy from insurance partner Zurich.

    If you have any questions, please contact JobRad for the self-employed.

    Time to forget the combustion engine and set those world-friendly wheels in motion!

  9. E-scooter industry recommendations published by micromobility operators

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    Source: Futuretransport-News, T. May

    Micromobility operators including LEVA-EU member Dott, alongside Voi, Lime, Superpedestrian and TIER, have collaborated on publishing industry recommendations to European cities on the best practices for safe and well-managed micromobility services

    To support the increasing uptake of micromobility services in numerous cities, a report outlining best practices has been prepared by five operators, designed to assist cities move from pilot programmes to permanent regulations.

    The report was signed by Henri Moissinac, CEO of LEVA-EU member Dott; Wayne Ting, CEO of Lime; Assaf Biderman, CEO of Superpedestrian; Lawrence Leuschner, CEO of TIER Mobility; and Fredrik Hjelm, CEO of Voi.

    It highlights several common features of well-managed micromobility programmes, with regard to both administration and operations.

    Number of Operators

    A balance should be sought between avoiding oversaturation, while maintaining customer choice and healthy competition. The suggested guideline is that markets deploying over 1,000 e-scooters have a minimum of two and maximum of three operators.

    Fleet Size

    Manageability of fleet size and maintaining tidiness is key; an initial fleet should comprise 80-120 vehicles per square kilometre.

    Programme Length

    A programme should run for sufficient time to allow users to rely on vehicle availability, and for the set-up and evaluation of the services. The report recommends a minimum of two years for pilot schemes, and three-four years for permanent programmes.

    Contracts of this length could encourage operators to make longer-term investments in the cities.

    Operator Fees

    The fees to cover the costs of programme administration and public space occupancy should be consistent with those paid by similar modes, such as bike shares.

    If required, this should be a fixed annual fee per e-vehicle which is set prior to vendor selection and applies consistently across all operators.

    The operators claim that this would avoid negative outcomes such as overpromising on financial commitments or winning bids and then withdrawing due to unsustainable fees.

    They also ask that the fees recognise that e-scooter schemes are typically not subsidised.

    Data Sharing

    The five operators emphasise the value of uniform and automated data sharing through GBFS (General Bikeshare Feed Specification) and MDS (Mobility Data Specification) protocols.

    This allows for the consistent submission of data while protecting rider privacy.

    The use of these protocols enables operators to spend more time working with cities to provide useful data rather than having to build bespoke data provision.

    Selection Process

    The operators state that tenders are generally the best approach for identifying suitable micromobility operators in each city.

    License structures and free markets are less desirable, as they encourage oversaturation and poorly managed fleets.

    The report emphasises that operators should also never be selected based on financial contribution, as this can lead to an inability to deliver quality services when the business is not economically sustainable.

    Instead, tenders should prioritise reliability, safety, sustainability and fleet management.

    In addition, the operators ask that cities avoid issuing tenders that specify technology or operational practices, especially those that are just emerging, as this can limit innovation.

    In comparison, outcome-based and technology-neutral requirements encourage operators to use their experience and creativity to mitigate behaviours such as sidewalk riding, tandem riding and irresponsible parking. This approach encourages innovation based on local conditions and will allow new practices to develop.

    Operating Area

    The designated operating area for micromobility vehicles should optimise access to key destinations throughout the city.

    Generally, operating within the entire city boundary is preferable to connect residents with all destinations. Where this is not feasible, the report suggests a focus on important centres such as cultural hubs, businesses and recreational facilities.


    The report highlights the importance of providing sufficient parking close to where riders start and end their trips.

    In dense urban areas, this could include mandatory parking in dedicated, physical parking spots. A minimum of 40 parking bays should be provided per square kilometre and each scooter should have a minimum of three parking spots.

    Alternatively, cities can use stationless parking in less dense areas, or where infrastructure is not available. This provision should be accompanied by clear rules about safe parking and the inclusion of no parking zones.

    The report suggests that a hybrid system combining the two approaches is a practical way for cities to experiment with these options.


    The report recommends a maximum speed limit of between 20–25 kilometres per hour to ensure rider safety, and consistency with other vehicles such as e-bikes, allowing for safe riding that aligns with the pace of urban traffic.

    The report argues that a cap below 20 kilometres per hour increases risks by restricting riders to a speed that is significantly lower than other road users, and possibly encourage riders to ride on sidewalks if restricted to a low speed.


    The report suggests that helmets should be encouraged but not be required, as this would discourage the uptake of micromobility, increase social inequalities and create disproportionate enforcement costs.

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