Frequently Asked Questions

About Light Electric Vehicles


What are Light Electric Vehicles (LEVs)? (link to scope page)

Light Electric Vehicles (LEVs) are all vehicles with 1, 2, 3 or more wheels that are propelled by an electric motor or by a combination of electric motor and human power. This includes monowheels, electric hoverboards, skateboards, electric scooters, self-balancing vehicles, electric bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles, quadrimobiles, etc. In technical terms, LEVs are all vehicles included in the L-category, as well as a number of vehicle excluded from the L-category.

Are there any rules for putting LEVs on the market in Europe?

Yes, there are many different types of rules applicable:

  • Technical regulations to which the vehicles must comply;
  • Safety and environmental regulations for instance relating to Li-Ion batteries, to the recycling of end-of-life vehicles, etc.;
  • Road traffic rules and terms of use relating to issues such as number plates, insurance, helmet wear, etc.;

Liability/warranty regulations.

How can I find out which rules apply to my products?

LEVA-EU has full knowledge and details on all rules for all Member States in the EU. You can obtain the information either by paying a consultancy fee for the time required to answer your question or by becoming a member of LEVA-EU, which gives you free access to the LEVA-EU information service and all other benefits and advantages. The signup form is here.

Can LEVA-EU tell me if my products are compliant with EU regulations?

LEVA-EU does not offer auditing services for your products or organization, but we are able to inform and advise you on the legislation that is directly relevant to you, as well as keeping you updated with regulatory changes, so you can stay ahead of the game in product design, manufacturing and logistics.



What is LEVA-EU?

LEVA-EU stands for Light Electric Vehicle (LEV) Association in Europe and is the only trade association to work exclusively for LEV-businesses in Europe. LEVA-EU was founded in 2017 by industry veteran Annick Roetynck. LEVA-EU provides its members with information and assistance on all rules governing LEVs. LEVA-EU also works on better rules for LEVs, among which in CEN, ISO, IEC and in the Commission’s Motorcycle Working group dealing with type-approval for the L-category.

LEVA-EU has members and partners around the world.

What are the benefits of becoming a LEVA-EU member?

What are the benefits of becoming an LEVA-EU member?
If you join our organization, you can enjoy the many benefits of LEVA-EU membership, which are listed here. The membership fee depends on the number of staff in your company and is available upon request.

How do I become a member of LEVA-EU?

Please complete our signup form and we will be in touch, or if you have any other questions, use our general contact form and you are welcome to call +32-923-36005.

For Chinese enquiries, please contact Dennis Hu at Make It China, [email protected], tel. +44-7598-024148.
对于中文的会员查询,请联系胡锴铁, 英国办公地址: [email protected], tel. +44-7598-024148.

The membership fee depends on the number of staff in your company and is available upon request.

How is LEVA-EU financed?

LEVA-EU does not receive any subsidies from any government. LEVA-EU’s sole source of income consists of the membership fees. Members pay an annual fee depending on their number of staff.

Is LEVA-EU a government organization?

No, LEVA-EU is a trade association and a non-for-profit association, officially registered in Belgium.

Is LEVA-EU related to LEVA in the USA?

Yes, LEVA-EU has a licensing agreement for the use of the name LEVA. But LEVA-EU and LEVA are also partners in the same mission, each with their own regional, specialist knowledge and connections.

Where is LEVA-EU based?

The LEVA-EU head office is in Gent, Belgium, which is very close to Brussels, which provides LEVA-EU with very easy access to the European institutions that are making the rules for LEVs. Gent is well-known for its sustainable mobility.

Is LEVA-EU an importers’ organisation?

Absolutely not, LEVA-EU membership is open to any business active in the field of light, electric vehicles. LEVA-EU has a wide variety of members, i.e. manufacturers, importers/exporters, distributors, start-ups, etc.



Questions asked frequently by LEVA-EU Members

LEVA-EU Member enjoy our free information and assistance service. We answer any question they may have about light, electric vehicles for free.
Below is selection from the questions Members have been asking us. If you would like to use our free information service, contact us (link to form) for further details on membership. Alternatively, we can answer your questions against a consultancy fee depending on the time that we require to answer. For further details on our consultancy service, please contact Annick Roetynck, tel. + 32 9 233 60 05, e-mail [email protected]


About Type-Approval / About Dumping / About Rules and Regulations / About the Machinery Directive / About EN 15194 / About Standardisation / About Batteries / About Electric mountain bikes (e-MTBs) / About Electrically power assisted cycles (EPACs) / About Electric Scooters /Miscellaneous

About Type-Approval


On Speed Pedelecs: Is there a checklist for technical requirements applying to speed pedelecs?

On Speed Pedelecs: what are the technical requirements for the electric warning device on a Speed Pedelec?

On Speed Pedelecs: do Speed Pedelecs in Switzerland need a horn or a bell and should they be equipped with a speed indicator?

On L1e-B: What are the requirements for L1e-B in the UK?

On Speed Pedelecs: is there any legislation, other than Regulation 168/2013 + 4 implementing Regulations that speed pedelecs have to comply with?

What is required on the display for L1e-B?

Are direction indicators on L1e an obligation?

About Dumping


Paying back the difference between provisional and definitie duties? Is it normal that customs have not yet paid this difference back?

Do Norway and Switzerland apply anti-dumping duties on electric bicycles from China?

Is it correct to be charged with anti-dumping duties for imports in 2018? The dumping Regulation only came into force in January 2019?

Our company is currently not yet in a position to achieve the 60/40. Are we allowed to put “Made in (name of EU country)” on our bikes?

Do the duties apply to electric scooters?

On anti-circumvention: how to import electric bicycle parts from China for assembly in the EU.

About Rules and Regulations


Which legal requirements apply for e-scooters when an inspection by a National Ministry of Economic Affairs is conducted?

What are the e-bike rules in Switzerland?

Is a non-EU manufacturer allowed to sign Declaration of Conformity under the Machinery Directive?

About EN 15194


What are the requirements on electric chargers in EN 15194:2017?

Is it legal only to have an electronic manual on Internet?

What is the difference between the old and new EN 15194 standard?

How long is it allowed to sell electric bicycles tested according to old standard.

Do you have to use the symbols in Annex I and J of EN 15194?

What are the rules and regulations governing electric bicycles excluded from type approval? Which regulations are law and which are not. What things must we follow, and what is optional? Are there any optional regulations that will become law in the near future? If so, which ones? We would like to understand how the EU separates E-Bike categories and which regulations are required for which class.

On EN 15194: we have two e-bikes with identical frames but slightly different specs for brakes and wheels. What tests do we require for the frame, brakes and wheels?

On prEN 17404: When will the new standard for electric mountain bikes become effective and what are the most important changes, compared with EN 15194?

Is it allowed to use EN 15194:2017 for electric mountain bikes?

Is a button on an EPAC allowed?

About Standardization


How to obtain standards?

About Batteries


Which technical requirements on batteries for electric bicycles apply?

Which rules for storage and transport of Li-Ion batteries apply?

On battery requirements: is it a legal obligation for an electric bike battery to comply with EN 50604?

On REACH: do battery importers have to comply with REACH?

On recycling: how to deal with Battery and End-of-Life recycling?

What are the UN batteries testing rules on transport of batteries?

About Electric Mountain Bikes (e-MTBs)


On electric mountain bikes: is it allowed to use EN 15194:2017 for electric mountain bikes?

On prEN 17404: When will the new standard for electric mountain bikes become effective and what are the most important changes, compared with EN 15194?

About Electrically Power Assisted Cycles (EPACs)


On EPACs: is a push button to boost an EPAC allowed?

On EPACs: is there any margin on the maximum design speed for EPACs?

About Electric Scooters


Do the duties apply to electric scooters?

On e-scooters with saddle: what is their legal status?

End of series e-scooters Belgium?



How can I check whether my new product comes within an existing patent?

On warranties: What are the terms for consumer guarantees in Norway?

What are the rules of origin in Thailand?

What about the tradename manufacturer speed pedelec?

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